Source term research has continued internationally for more than 30 years, increasing confidence incalculations of the potential radioactive release to the environment after a severe reactor accident. Important experimental data have been obtained, mainly under international frameworks such as OECD/NEA and EURATOM. Specifically, Phébus FP provides major insights into fission product release and transport. Results are included in severe accident analysis codes. Data from international projects are being interpreted with a view to further improvements in these codes. This paper synthesizes the recent main outcomes from source term research on these topics, and on source term mitigation. It highlights knowledge gaps remaining and discusses ways to proceed. Aside from this further knowledge-driven research, there is consensus on the need to assess the source term predictive ability of current system codes, taking account of scale-up from experiment to reactor conditions.
|Journal||atw - Internationale Zeitschrift für Kernenergie|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- source term
- severe accident
- research and development