The mechanism of transpassive dissolution of Ni-Cr alloys in sulphate solutions

Martin Bojinov, Gunilla Fabricius, P. Kinnunen (Corresponding Author), Timo Laitinen, Kari Mäkelä, Timo Saario, Gunilla Sundholm

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    53 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The processes in the potential region corresponding to transpassive dissolution of Ni–Cr alloys (10 and 20 wt.% Cr), pure Ni and Cr were studied by electrochemical techniques — ring-disk voltammetry, impedance spectroscopy and dc resistance measurements — in 1 M sulphate solutions (pH values 0 and 5). Both the electronic and the ionic conductivity of the anodic film formed on Ni and Ni–Cr alloys were found to be considerably higher than those of the passive film on pure Cr. The rate of transpassive dissolution of Cr from Ni–Cr alloys was found to be somewhat higher than that from pure Cr, probably due to the higher electronic conductivity of the film in the former case. A model for the transpassive dissolution of Ni–Cr alloys is proposed on the basis of an earlier model for transpassive dissolution of Cr and the present results. The effect of the transpassive dissolution of Ni from the oxide film is taken into account as well. The kinetic parameters of the transpassive dissolution process are thereby determined.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2791 - 2802
    Number of pages12
    JournalElectrochimica Acta
    Volume45
    Issue number17
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2000
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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    Sulfates
    Dissolution
    Ionic conductivity
    Voltammetry
    Kinetic parameters
    Oxide films
    Spectroscopy

    Cite this

    Bojinov, M., Fabricius, G., Kinnunen, P., Laitinen, T., Mäkelä, K., Saario, T., & Sundholm, G. (2000). The mechanism of transpassive dissolution of Ni-Cr alloys in sulphate solutions. Electrochimica Acta, 45(17), 2791 - 2802. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0013-4686(00)00387-X
    Bojinov, Martin ; Fabricius, Gunilla ; Kinnunen, P. ; Laitinen, Timo ; Mäkelä, Kari ; Saario, Timo ; Sundholm, Gunilla. / The mechanism of transpassive dissolution of Ni-Cr alloys in sulphate solutions. In: Electrochimica Acta. 2000 ; Vol. 45, No. 17. pp. 2791 - 2802.
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    title = "The mechanism of transpassive dissolution of Ni-Cr alloys in sulphate solutions",
    abstract = "The processes in the potential region corresponding to transpassive dissolution of Ni–Cr alloys (10 and 20 wt.{\%} Cr), pure Ni and Cr were studied by electrochemical techniques — ring-disk voltammetry, impedance spectroscopy and dc resistance measurements — in 1 M sulphate solutions (pH values 0 and 5). Both the electronic and the ionic conductivity of the anodic film formed on Ni and Ni–Cr alloys were found to be considerably higher than those of the passive film on pure Cr. The rate of transpassive dissolution of Cr from Ni–Cr alloys was found to be somewhat higher than that from pure Cr, probably due to the higher electronic conductivity of the film in the former case. A model for the transpassive dissolution of Ni–Cr alloys is proposed on the basis of an earlier model for transpassive dissolution of Cr and the present results. The effect of the transpassive dissolution of Ni from the oxide film is taken into account as well. The kinetic parameters of the transpassive dissolution process are thereby determined.",
    author = "Martin Bojinov and Gunilla Fabricius and P. Kinnunen and Timo Laitinen and Kari M{\"a}kel{\"a} and Timo Saario and Gunilla Sundholm",
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    Bojinov, M, Fabricius, G, Kinnunen, P, Laitinen, T, Mäkelä, K, Saario, T & Sundholm, G 2000, 'The mechanism of transpassive dissolution of Ni-Cr alloys in sulphate solutions', Electrochimica Acta, vol. 45, no. 17, pp. 2791 - 2802. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0013-4686(00)00387-X

    The mechanism of transpassive dissolution of Ni-Cr alloys in sulphate solutions. / Bojinov, Martin; Fabricius, Gunilla; Kinnunen, P. (Corresponding Author); Laitinen, Timo; Mäkelä, Kari; Saario, Timo; Sundholm, Gunilla.

    In: Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 45, No. 17, 2000, p. 2791 - 2802.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The mechanism of transpassive dissolution of Ni-Cr alloys in sulphate solutions

    AU - Bojinov, Martin

    AU - Fabricius, Gunilla

    AU - Kinnunen, P.

    AU - Laitinen, Timo

    AU - Mäkelä, Kari

    AU - Saario, Timo

    AU - Sundholm, Gunilla

    PY - 2000

    Y1 - 2000

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    AB - The processes in the potential region corresponding to transpassive dissolution of Ni–Cr alloys (10 and 20 wt.% Cr), pure Ni and Cr were studied by electrochemical techniques — ring-disk voltammetry, impedance spectroscopy and dc resistance measurements — in 1 M sulphate solutions (pH values 0 and 5). Both the electronic and the ionic conductivity of the anodic film formed on Ni and Ni–Cr alloys were found to be considerably higher than those of the passive film on pure Cr. The rate of transpassive dissolution of Cr from Ni–Cr alloys was found to be somewhat higher than that from pure Cr, probably due to the higher electronic conductivity of the film in the former case. A model for the transpassive dissolution of Ni–Cr alloys is proposed on the basis of an earlier model for transpassive dissolution of Cr and the present results. The effect of the transpassive dissolution of Ni from the oxide film is taken into account as well. The kinetic parameters of the transpassive dissolution process are thereby determined.

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    JO - Electrochimica Acta

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