The ontogeny, distribution, and regulation of alcohol dehydrogenase 3

Implications for pulmonary physiology

Chad M. Thompson, Babasaheb Sonawane, Roland Grafström

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Class III alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH3), also termed formaldehyde dehydrogenase or S-nitrosoglutathione reductase, plays a critical role in the enzymatic oxidation of formaldehyde and reduction of nitrosothiols that regulate bronchial tone. Considering reported associations between formaldehyde vapor exposure and childhood asthma risk, and thus potential involvement of ADH3, we reviewed the ontogeny, distribution, and regulation of mammalian ADH3. Recent studies indicate that multiple biological and chemical stimuli influence expression and activity of ADH3, including the feedback regulation of nitrosothiol metabolism. The levels of ADH3 correlate with, and potentially influence, bronchial tone; however, data gaps remain with respect to the expression of ADH3 during postnatal and early childhood development. Consideration of ADH3 function relative to the respiratory effects of formaldehyde, as well as to other chemical and biological exposures that might act in an additive or synergistic manner with formaldehyde, might be critical to gain better insight into the association between formaldehyde exposure and childhood asthma.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1565-1571
JournalDrug Metabolism and Disposition
Volume37
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

Fingerprint

glutathione-independent formaldehyde dehydrogenase
Alcohol Dehydrogenase
Formaldehyde
Lung
Asthma
Formaldehyde poisoning

Keywords

  • alcohol dehydrogenase
  • formaldehyde dehydrogenase
  • reductase
  • formaldehyde
  • nitrosothiols
  • formaldehyde exposure
  • childhood asthma
  • asthma

Cite this

Thompson, Chad M. ; Sonawane, Babasaheb ; Grafström, Roland. / The ontogeny, distribution, and regulation of alcohol dehydrogenase 3 : Implications for pulmonary physiology. In: Drug Metabolism and Disposition. 2009 ; Vol. 37, No. 8. pp. 1565-1571.
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abstract = "Class III alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH3), also termed formaldehyde dehydrogenase or S-nitrosoglutathione reductase, plays a critical role in the enzymatic oxidation of formaldehyde and reduction of nitrosothiols that regulate bronchial tone. Considering reported associations between formaldehyde vapor exposure and childhood asthma risk, and thus potential involvement of ADH3, we reviewed the ontogeny, distribution, and regulation of mammalian ADH3. Recent studies indicate that multiple biological and chemical stimuli influence expression and activity of ADH3, including the feedback regulation of nitrosothiol metabolism. The levels of ADH3 correlate with, and potentially influence, bronchial tone; however, data gaps remain with respect to the expression of ADH3 during postnatal and early childhood development. Consideration of ADH3 function relative to the respiratory effects of formaldehyde, as well as to other chemical and biological exposures that might act in an additive or synergistic manner with formaldehyde, might be critical to gain better insight into the association between formaldehyde exposure and childhood asthma.",
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The ontogeny, distribution, and regulation of alcohol dehydrogenase 3 : Implications for pulmonary physiology. / Thompson, Chad M.; Sonawane, Babasaheb; Grafström, Roland.

In: Drug Metabolism and Disposition, Vol. 37, No. 8, 2009, p. 1565-1571.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The ontogeny, distribution, and regulation of alcohol dehydrogenase 3

T2 - Implications for pulmonary physiology

AU - Thompson, Chad M.

AU - Sonawane, Babasaheb

AU - Grafström, Roland

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Class III alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH3), also termed formaldehyde dehydrogenase or S-nitrosoglutathione reductase, plays a critical role in the enzymatic oxidation of formaldehyde and reduction of nitrosothiols that regulate bronchial tone. Considering reported associations between formaldehyde vapor exposure and childhood asthma risk, and thus potential involvement of ADH3, we reviewed the ontogeny, distribution, and regulation of mammalian ADH3. Recent studies indicate that multiple biological and chemical stimuli influence expression and activity of ADH3, including the feedback regulation of nitrosothiol metabolism. The levels of ADH3 correlate with, and potentially influence, bronchial tone; however, data gaps remain with respect to the expression of ADH3 during postnatal and early childhood development. Consideration of ADH3 function relative to the respiratory effects of formaldehyde, as well as to other chemical and biological exposures that might act in an additive or synergistic manner with formaldehyde, might be critical to gain better insight into the association between formaldehyde exposure and childhood asthma.

AB - Class III alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH3), also termed formaldehyde dehydrogenase or S-nitrosoglutathione reductase, plays a critical role in the enzymatic oxidation of formaldehyde and reduction of nitrosothiols that regulate bronchial tone. Considering reported associations between formaldehyde vapor exposure and childhood asthma risk, and thus potential involvement of ADH3, we reviewed the ontogeny, distribution, and regulation of mammalian ADH3. Recent studies indicate that multiple biological and chemical stimuli influence expression and activity of ADH3, including the feedback regulation of nitrosothiol metabolism. The levels of ADH3 correlate with, and potentially influence, bronchial tone; however, data gaps remain with respect to the expression of ADH3 during postnatal and early childhood development. Consideration of ADH3 function relative to the respiratory effects of formaldehyde, as well as to other chemical and biological exposures that might act in an additive or synergistic manner with formaldehyde, might be critical to gain better insight into the association between formaldehyde exposure and childhood asthma.

KW - alcohol dehydrogenase

KW - formaldehyde dehydrogenase

KW - reductase

KW - formaldehyde

KW - nitrosothiols

KW - formaldehyde exposure

KW - childhood asthma

KW - asthma

U2 - 10.1124/dmd.109.027904

DO - 10.1124/dmd.109.027904

M3 - Review Article

VL - 37

SP - 1565

EP - 1571

JO - Drug Metabolism and Disposition

JF - Drug Metabolism and Disposition

SN - 0090-9556

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ER -