The performance and operation economics of co-fired biomass boilers

Janne Kärki, Markku Orjala, Timo Leino, Hannu Ahonen, Ari Frantsi

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


    Almost every co-fired power plant in Finland is pursuing to increase the use of biomass fuels due to environmental and economical reasons. However, co-firing conventional fuels with risky biomass and recycled fuels poses many new challenges to power plant operators. The challenges might have great influence on the total economy of the plant. The balance between the positive and the negative aspects of the use of biomass is most often based on the economical reasons at the power plants. Variable costs of a biofuel-fired boiler depend not only on the procurement costs of the fuels, but also on the operability of fuel feed and combustion process, i.e. on the total operability of the boiler. It is not necessarily economical to use the cheapest fuel available, if the effects on the boiler operation are significant. Poor usability of the fuel mainly results from the problems in the fuel feed, unstable combustion process or from harmful behaviour of the ashes. Combustion and co-firing properties of fuel blends have been studied both in VTT Processes’ test facilities and in industrialscale fluidised bed boilers. Recently performance monitoring and operation economics study of two Finnish biomass fired boilers were conducted. Some of the results of that project will be described in this paper. The developed monitoring methods of boiler operation and economics work as new tools to support the power plant operators in daily fuel and process related decision-making.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationBioenergy in Wood Industry 2005 – Book of Proceedings
    Publication statusPublished - 2005
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventInternational Bioenergy in Wood Industry Conference and Exhibition, BioEnergy 2005 - Jyväskylä, Finland
    Duration: 12 Sept 200515 Sept 2005

    Publication series

    SeriesFINBIO publication


    ConferenceInternational Bioenergy in Wood Industry Conference and Exhibition, BioEnergy 2005


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