The role of CH4 and N2O emission reductions in the cost-effective control of the greenhouse gas emissions from Finland

Sami Tuhkanen, Antti Lehtilä, Ilkka Savolainen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions may be quite expensive and it is necessary to consider reduction measures for other anthropogenic greenhouse gases, such as methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) as well. Their contribution to the total GHG emission from Finland is about 15–20%. In Finland most of the CH4 emissions are due to waste management, agriculture and burning processes. N2O emissions originate from burning processes, agriculture, industry and atmospheric deposition of nitrogen. The cost-effective reduction of the Finnish GHG emissions has been studied with the EFOM-ENV model, which is a quasi-dynamic linear energy system optimisation model. The target function to be minimised is the total discounted cost for the modelled system. In this study the model has been expanded to cover all well-known anthropogenic CO2, CH4 and N2O sources and reduction measures. The results indicate it is economic to reduce the emissions of CO2, CH4 and N2O in Finland. It is profitable to exploit the economic reduction potential of CH4 and N2O, because then the abatement of CO2 emissions does not need to be as extensive as when the reduction is aimed only at CO2 emissions. The inclusion of CH4 and N2O decreases the annual reduction costs about 20% in the year 2010.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)91-112
    Number of pages12
    JournalMitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
    Volume4
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1999
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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    greenhouse gas
    cost
    agriculture
    emission reduction
    nitrous oxide
    atmospheric deposition
    economics
    waste management
    carbon dioxide
    methane
    industry
    nitrogen
    energy

    Cite this

    @article{17d926b9626846eca0311421acb295c5,
    title = "The role of CH4 and N2O emission reductions in the cost-effective control of the greenhouse gas emissions from Finland",
    abstract = "The reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions may be quite expensive and it is necessary to consider reduction measures for other anthropogenic greenhouse gases, such as methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) as well. Their contribution to the total GHG emission from Finland is about 15–20{\%}. In Finland most of the CH4 emissions are due to waste management, agriculture and burning processes. N2O emissions originate from burning processes, agriculture, industry and atmospheric deposition of nitrogen. The cost-effective reduction of the Finnish GHG emissions has been studied with the EFOM-ENV model, which is a quasi-dynamic linear energy system optimisation model. The target function to be minimised is the total discounted cost for the modelled system. In this study the model has been expanded to cover all well-known anthropogenic CO2, CH4 and N2O sources and reduction measures. The results indicate it is economic to reduce the emissions of CO2, CH4 and N2O in Finland. It is profitable to exploit the economic reduction potential of CH4 and N2O, because then the abatement of CO2 emissions does not need to be as extensive as when the reduction is aimed only at CO2 emissions. The inclusion of CH4 and N2O decreases the annual reduction costs about 20{\%} in the year 2010.",
    author = "Sami Tuhkanen and Antti Lehtil{\"a} and Ilkka Savolainen",
    year = "1999",
    doi = "10.1023{\%}2FA{\%}3A1009601819931",
    language = "English",
    volume = "4",
    pages = "91--112",
    journal = "Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change",
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    The role of CH4 and N2O emission reductions in the cost-effective control of the greenhouse gas emissions from Finland. / Tuhkanen, Sami; Lehtilä, Antti; Savolainen, Ilkka.

    In: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1999, p. 91-112.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The role of CH4 and N2O emission reductions in the cost-effective control of the greenhouse gas emissions from Finland

    AU - Tuhkanen, Sami

    AU - Lehtilä, Antti

    AU - Savolainen, Ilkka

    PY - 1999

    Y1 - 1999

    N2 - The reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions may be quite expensive and it is necessary to consider reduction measures for other anthropogenic greenhouse gases, such as methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) as well. Their contribution to the total GHG emission from Finland is about 15–20%. In Finland most of the CH4 emissions are due to waste management, agriculture and burning processes. N2O emissions originate from burning processes, agriculture, industry and atmospheric deposition of nitrogen. The cost-effective reduction of the Finnish GHG emissions has been studied with the EFOM-ENV model, which is a quasi-dynamic linear energy system optimisation model. The target function to be minimised is the total discounted cost for the modelled system. In this study the model has been expanded to cover all well-known anthropogenic CO2, CH4 and N2O sources and reduction measures. The results indicate it is economic to reduce the emissions of CO2, CH4 and N2O in Finland. It is profitable to exploit the economic reduction potential of CH4 and N2O, because then the abatement of CO2 emissions does not need to be as extensive as when the reduction is aimed only at CO2 emissions. The inclusion of CH4 and N2O decreases the annual reduction costs about 20% in the year 2010.

    AB - The reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions may be quite expensive and it is necessary to consider reduction measures for other anthropogenic greenhouse gases, such as methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) as well. Their contribution to the total GHG emission from Finland is about 15–20%. In Finland most of the CH4 emissions are due to waste management, agriculture and burning processes. N2O emissions originate from burning processes, agriculture, industry and atmospheric deposition of nitrogen. The cost-effective reduction of the Finnish GHG emissions has been studied with the EFOM-ENV model, which is a quasi-dynamic linear energy system optimisation model. The target function to be minimised is the total discounted cost for the modelled system. In this study the model has been expanded to cover all well-known anthropogenic CO2, CH4 and N2O sources and reduction measures. The results indicate it is economic to reduce the emissions of CO2, CH4 and N2O in Finland. It is profitable to exploit the economic reduction potential of CH4 and N2O, because then the abatement of CO2 emissions does not need to be as extensive as when the reduction is aimed only at CO2 emissions. The inclusion of CH4 and N2O decreases the annual reduction costs about 20% in the year 2010.

    U2 - 10.1023%2FA%3A1009601819931

    DO - 10.1023%2FA%3A1009601819931

    M3 - Article

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    JO - Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change

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