The role of friction in the measurement of slipperiness, Part 1: Friction mechanisms and definition of test conditions

Wen-Ruey Chang (Corresponding Author), Raoul Grönqvist, Sylvie Leclercq, Rohae Myung, Lasse Makkonen, Lennart Strandberg, Robert Brungraber

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    120 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Friction has been widely used as a measure of slipperiness. However, controversies around friction measurements remain. The purposes of this paper are to summarize understanding about friction measurement related to slipperiness assessment of shoe and floor interface and to define test conditions based on biomechanical observations. In addition, friction mechanisms at shoe and floor interface on dry, liquid and solid contaminated, and on icy surfaces are discussed. It is concluded that static friction measurement, by the traditional use of a drag-type device, is only suitable for dry and clean surfaces, and dynamic and transition friction methods are needed to properly estimate the potential risk on contaminated surfaces. Furthermore, at least some of the conditions at the shoe/floor interface during actual slip accidents should be replicated as test conditions for friction measurements, such as sliding speed, contact pressure and normal force build-up rate.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1217-1232
    Number of pages16
    JournalErgonomics
    Volume44
    Issue number13
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Friction
    Shoes
    accident
    contact
    Accidents
    Drag
    Pressure
    Equipment and Supplies
    Liquids

    Keywords

    • friction
    • slip resistance
    • slipperiness

    Cite this

    Chang, Wen-Ruey ; Grönqvist, Raoul ; Leclercq, Sylvie ; Myung, Rohae ; Makkonen, Lasse ; Strandberg, Lennart ; Brungraber, Robert. / The role of friction in the measurement of slipperiness, Part 1 : Friction mechanisms and definition of test conditions. In: Ergonomics. 2001 ; Vol. 44, No. 13. pp. 1217-1232.
    @article{8380662155cd44cc9b5c9cbff81537a1,
    title = "The role of friction in the measurement of slipperiness, Part 1: Friction mechanisms and definition of test conditions",
    abstract = "Friction has been widely used as a measure of slipperiness. However, controversies around friction measurements remain. The purposes of this paper are to summarize understanding about friction measurement related to slipperiness assessment of shoe and floor interface and to define test conditions based on biomechanical observations. In addition, friction mechanisms at shoe and floor interface on dry, liquid and solid contaminated, and on icy surfaces are discussed. It is concluded that static friction measurement, by the traditional use of a drag-type device, is only suitable for dry and clean surfaces, and dynamic and transition friction methods are needed to properly estimate the potential risk on contaminated surfaces. Furthermore, at least some of the conditions at the shoe/floor interface during actual slip accidents should be replicated as test conditions for friction measurements, such as sliding speed, contact pressure and normal force build-up rate.",
    keywords = "friction, slip resistance, slipperiness",
    author = "Wen-Ruey Chang and Raoul Gr{\"o}nqvist and Sylvie Leclercq and Rohae Myung and Lasse Makkonen and Lennart Strandberg and Robert Brungraber",
    year = "2001",
    doi = "10.1080/00140130110085574",
    language = "English",
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    Chang, W-R, Grönqvist, R, Leclercq, S, Myung, R, Makkonen, L, Strandberg, L & Brungraber, R 2001, 'The role of friction in the measurement of slipperiness, Part 1: Friction mechanisms and definition of test conditions', Ergonomics, vol. 44, no. 13, pp. 1217-1232. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140130110085574

    The role of friction in the measurement of slipperiness, Part 1 : Friction mechanisms and definition of test conditions. / Chang, Wen-Ruey (Corresponding Author); Grönqvist, Raoul; Leclercq, Sylvie; Myung, Rohae; Makkonen, Lasse; Strandberg, Lennart; Brungraber, Robert.

    In: Ergonomics, Vol. 44, No. 13, 2001, p. 1217-1232.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    T1 - The role of friction in the measurement of slipperiness, Part 1

    T2 - Friction mechanisms and definition of test conditions

    AU - Chang, Wen-Ruey

    AU - Grönqvist, Raoul

    AU - Leclercq, Sylvie

    AU - Myung, Rohae

    AU - Makkonen, Lasse

    AU - Strandberg, Lennart

    AU - Brungraber, Robert

    PY - 2001

    Y1 - 2001

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    AB - Friction has been widely used as a measure of slipperiness. However, controversies around friction measurements remain. The purposes of this paper are to summarize understanding about friction measurement related to slipperiness assessment of shoe and floor interface and to define test conditions based on biomechanical observations. In addition, friction mechanisms at shoe and floor interface on dry, liquid and solid contaminated, and on icy surfaces are discussed. It is concluded that static friction measurement, by the traditional use of a drag-type device, is only suitable for dry and clean surfaces, and dynamic and transition friction methods are needed to properly estimate the potential risk on contaminated surfaces. Furthermore, at least some of the conditions at the shoe/floor interface during actual slip accidents should be replicated as test conditions for friction measurements, such as sliding speed, contact pressure and normal force build-up rate.

    KW - friction

    KW - slip resistance

    KW - slipperiness

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    DO - 10.1080/00140130110085574

    M3 - Article

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