The role of friction in the measurement of slipperiness, Part 1: Friction mechanisms and definition of test conditions

Wen-Ruey Chang (Corresponding Author), Raoul Grönqvist, Sylvie Leclercq, Rohae Myung, Lasse Makkonen, Lennart Strandberg, Robert Brungraber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

119 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Friction has been widely used as a measure of slipperiness. However, controversies around friction measurements remain. The purposes of this paper are to summarize understanding about friction measurement related to slipperiness assessment of shoe and floor interface and to define test conditions based on biomechanical observations. In addition, friction mechanisms at shoe and floor interface on dry, liquid and solid contaminated, and on icy surfaces are discussed. It is concluded that static friction measurement, by the traditional use of a drag-type device, is only suitable for dry and clean surfaces, and dynamic and transition friction methods are needed to properly estimate the potential risk on contaminated surfaces. Furthermore, at least some of the conditions at the shoe/floor interface during actual slip accidents should be replicated as test conditions for friction measurements, such as sliding speed, contact pressure and normal force build-up rate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1217-1232
Number of pages16
JournalErgonomics
Volume44
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Friction
Shoes
accident
contact
Accidents
Drag
Pressure
Equipment and Supplies
Liquids

Keywords

  • friction
  • slip resistance
  • slipperiness

Cite this

Chang, Wen-Ruey ; Grönqvist, Raoul ; Leclercq, Sylvie ; Myung, Rohae ; Makkonen, Lasse ; Strandberg, Lennart ; Brungraber, Robert. / The role of friction in the measurement of slipperiness, Part 1 : Friction mechanisms and definition of test conditions. In: Ergonomics. 2001 ; Vol. 44, No. 13. pp. 1217-1232.
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abstract = "Friction has been widely used as a measure of slipperiness. However, controversies around friction measurements remain. The purposes of this paper are to summarize understanding about friction measurement related to slipperiness assessment of shoe and floor interface and to define test conditions based on biomechanical observations. In addition, friction mechanisms at shoe and floor interface on dry, liquid and solid contaminated, and on icy surfaces are discussed. It is concluded that static friction measurement, by the traditional use of a drag-type device, is only suitable for dry and clean surfaces, and dynamic and transition friction methods are needed to properly estimate the potential risk on contaminated surfaces. Furthermore, at least some of the conditions at the shoe/floor interface during actual slip accidents should be replicated as test conditions for friction measurements, such as sliding speed, contact pressure and normal force build-up rate.",
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Chang, W-R, Grönqvist, R, Leclercq, S, Myung, R, Makkonen, L, Strandberg, L & Brungraber, R 2001, 'The role of friction in the measurement of slipperiness, Part 1: Friction mechanisms and definition of test conditions', Ergonomics, vol. 44, no. 13, pp. 1217-1232. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140130110085574

The role of friction in the measurement of slipperiness, Part 1 : Friction mechanisms and definition of test conditions. / Chang, Wen-Ruey (Corresponding Author); Grönqvist, Raoul; Leclercq, Sylvie; Myung, Rohae; Makkonen, Lasse; Strandberg, Lennart; Brungraber, Robert.

In: Ergonomics, Vol. 44, No. 13, 2001, p. 1217-1232.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - The role of friction in the measurement of slipperiness, Part 1

T2 - Friction mechanisms and definition of test conditions

AU - Chang, Wen-Ruey

AU - Grönqvist, Raoul

AU - Leclercq, Sylvie

AU - Myung, Rohae

AU - Makkonen, Lasse

AU - Strandberg, Lennart

AU - Brungraber, Robert

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KW - slipperiness

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