The role of path-dependencies in transition processes: the case of energy for road transport

Antje Klitkou, Simon Bolwig, Teis Hansen, Alexandra Nikoleris, Nina Wessberg

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceOther conference contributionScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    This paper revisits the theoretical concepts of path-dependencies and lock-in mechanisms to analyse transition processes in energy production and road transportation in the Nordic countries, focussing on three technology platforms, advanced biofuels, e-mobility and hydrogen and FCEVs. The paper is based on a comparative analysis of case studies. The main lock-in mechanisms analysed are learning effects, economies of scale, economies of scope, network externalities, informational increasing returns, technological interrelatedness, collective action, institutional learning effects and differentiation of power. We show that very different path-dependencies have been reinforced by the lock-in mechanisms. Hence, there were differences between countries and between technologies. The incumbent socio-technical regime is not just fossil-based, but can also include mature niches specialised in exploitation of renewable sources. This implies a need to distinguish between lock-in mechanisms favouring the old fossil-based regime, well established (mature) renewable energy niches, or new pathways.

    Conference

    Conference5th International Conference on Sustainability Transitions
    CountryNetherlands
    CityUtrecht
    Period27/08/1429/08/14
    Internet address

    Fingerprint

    Road transport
    Transition process
    Lock-in
    Path dependency
    Energy
    Learning effect
    Niche
    Economies of scale
    Network externalities
    Hydrogen
    Comparative analysis
    Increasing returns
    Renewable energy
    Country differences
    Incumbents
    Roads
    Economies of scope
    Exploitation
    Pathway
    Scale economies

    Keywords

    • path-dependency
    • lock-in mechanism
    • transition process
    • rad transport
    • renewable energy

    Cite this

    Klitkou, A., Bolwig, S., Hansen, T., Nikoleris, A., & Wessberg, N. (2014). The role of path-dependencies in transition processes: the case of energy for road transport. 5th International Conference on Sustainability Transitions, Utrecht, Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.4014.5283
    Klitkou, Antje ; Bolwig, Simon ; Hansen, Teis ; Nikoleris, Alexandra ; Wessberg, Nina. / The role of path-dependencies in transition processes: the case of energy for road transport. 5th International Conference on Sustainability Transitions, Utrecht, Netherlands.
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    abstract = "This paper revisits the theoretical concepts of path-dependencies and lock-in mechanisms to analyse transition processes in energy production and road transportation in the Nordic countries, focussing on three technology platforms, advanced biofuels, e-mobility and hydrogen and FCEVs. The paper is based on a comparative analysis of case studies. The main lock-in mechanisms analysed are learning effects, economies of scale, economies of scope, network externalities, informational increasing returns, technological interrelatedness, collective action, institutional learning effects and differentiation of power. We show that very different path-dependencies have been reinforced by the lock-in mechanisms. Hence, there were differences between countries and between technologies. The incumbent socio-technical regime is not just fossil-based, but can also include mature niches specialised in exploitation of renewable sources. This implies a need to distinguish between lock-in mechanisms favouring the old fossil-based regime, well established (mature) renewable energy niches, or new pathways.",
    keywords = "path-dependency, lock-in mechanism, transition process, rad transport, renewable energy",
    author = "Antje Klitkou and Simon Bolwig and Teis Hansen and Alexandra Nikoleris and Nina Wessberg",
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    Klitkou, A, Bolwig, S, Hansen, T, Nikoleris, A & Wessberg, N 2014, 'The role of path-dependencies in transition processes: the case of energy for road transport', 5th International Conference on Sustainability Transitions, Utrecht, Netherlands, 27/08/14 - 29/08/14. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.4014.5283

    The role of path-dependencies in transition processes: the case of energy for road transport. / Klitkou, Antje; Bolwig, Simon; Hansen, Teis; Nikoleris, Alexandra; Wessberg, Nina.

    2014. 5th International Conference on Sustainability Transitions, Utrecht, Netherlands.

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceOther conference contributionScientificpeer-review

    TY - CONF

    T1 - The role of path-dependencies in transition processes: the case of energy for road transport

    AU - Klitkou, Antje

    AU - Bolwig, Simon

    AU - Hansen, Teis

    AU - Nikoleris, Alexandra

    AU - Wessberg, Nina

    N1 - CO:U CIRCLE, Sweden CA2: BA2172 Project code: 76810

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - This paper revisits the theoretical concepts of path-dependencies and lock-in mechanisms to analyse transition processes in energy production and road transportation in the Nordic countries, focussing on three technology platforms, advanced biofuels, e-mobility and hydrogen and FCEVs. The paper is based on a comparative analysis of case studies. The main lock-in mechanisms analysed are learning effects, economies of scale, economies of scope, network externalities, informational increasing returns, technological interrelatedness, collective action, institutional learning effects and differentiation of power. We show that very different path-dependencies have been reinforced by the lock-in mechanisms. Hence, there were differences between countries and between technologies. The incumbent socio-technical regime is not just fossil-based, but can also include mature niches specialised in exploitation of renewable sources. This implies a need to distinguish between lock-in mechanisms favouring the old fossil-based regime, well established (mature) renewable energy niches, or new pathways.

    AB - This paper revisits the theoretical concepts of path-dependencies and lock-in mechanisms to analyse transition processes in energy production and road transportation in the Nordic countries, focussing on three technology platforms, advanced biofuels, e-mobility and hydrogen and FCEVs. The paper is based on a comparative analysis of case studies. The main lock-in mechanisms analysed are learning effects, economies of scale, economies of scope, network externalities, informational increasing returns, technological interrelatedness, collective action, institutional learning effects and differentiation of power. We show that very different path-dependencies have been reinforced by the lock-in mechanisms. Hence, there were differences between countries and between technologies. The incumbent socio-technical regime is not just fossil-based, but can also include mature niches specialised in exploitation of renewable sources. This implies a need to distinguish between lock-in mechanisms favouring the old fossil-based regime, well established (mature) renewable energy niches, or new pathways.

    KW - path-dependency

    KW - lock-in mechanism

    KW - transition process

    KW - rad transport

    KW - renewable energy

    U2 - 10.13140/2.1.4014.5283

    DO - 10.13140/2.1.4014.5283

    M3 - Other conference contribution

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    Klitkou A, Bolwig S, Hansen T, Nikoleris A, Wessberg N. The role of path-dependencies in transition processes: the case of energy for road transport. 2014. 5th International Conference on Sustainability Transitions, Utrecht, Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.4014.5283