The role of path-dependencies in transition processes: the case of energy for road transport

Antje Klitkou, Simon Bolwig, Teis Hansen, Alexandra Nikoleris, Nina Wessberg

Research output: Contribution to conferenceOther conference contributionScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This paper revisits the theoretical concepts of path-dependencies and lock-in mechanisms to analyse transition processes in energy production and road transportation in the Nordic countries, focussing on three technology platforms, advanced biofuels, e-mobility and hydrogen and FCEVs. The paper is based on a comparative analysis of case studies. The main lock-in mechanisms analysed are learning effects, economies of scale, economies of scope, network externalities, informational increasing returns, technological interrelatedness, collective action, institutional learning effects and differentiation of power. We show that very different path-dependencies have been reinforced by the lock-in mechanisms. Hence, there were differences between countries and between technologies. The incumbent socio-technical regime is not just fossil-based, but can also include mature niches specialised in exploitation of renewable sources. This implies a need to distinguish between lock-in mechanisms favouring the old fossil-based regime, well established (mature) renewable energy niches, or new pathways.

Conference

Conference5th International Conference on Sustainability Transitions
CountryNetherlands
CityUtrecht
Period27/08/1429/08/14
Internet address

Fingerprint

Road transport
Transition process
Lock-in
Path dependency
Energy
Learning effect
Niche
Economies of scale
Network externalities
Hydrogen
Comparative analysis
Increasing returns
Renewable energy
Country differences
Incumbents
Roads
Economies of scope
Exploitation
Pathway
Scale economies

Keywords

  • path-dependency
  • lock-in mechanism
  • transition process
  • rad transport
  • renewable energy

Cite this

Klitkou, A., Bolwig, S., Hansen, T., Nikoleris, A., & Wessberg, N. (2014). The role of path-dependencies in transition processes: the case of energy for road transport. 5th International Conference on Sustainability Transitions, Utrecht, Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.4014.5283
Klitkou, Antje ; Bolwig, Simon ; Hansen, Teis ; Nikoleris, Alexandra ; Wessberg, Nina. / The role of path-dependencies in transition processes: the case of energy for road transport. 5th International Conference on Sustainability Transitions, Utrecht, Netherlands.
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Klitkou, A, Bolwig, S, Hansen, T, Nikoleris, A & Wessberg, N 2014, 'The role of path-dependencies in transition processes: the case of energy for road transport' 5th International Conference on Sustainability Transitions, Utrecht, Netherlands, 27/08/14 - 29/08/14, . https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.4014.5283

The role of path-dependencies in transition processes: the case of energy for road transport. / Klitkou, Antje; Bolwig, Simon; Hansen, Teis; Nikoleris, Alexandra; Wessberg, Nina.

2014. 5th International Conference on Sustainability Transitions, Utrecht, Netherlands.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceOther conference contributionScientificpeer-review

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T1 - The role of path-dependencies in transition processes: the case of energy for road transport

AU - Klitkou, Antje

AU - Bolwig, Simon

AU - Hansen, Teis

AU - Nikoleris, Alexandra

AU - Wessberg, Nina

N1 - CO:U CIRCLE, Sweden CA2: BA2172 Project code: 76810

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N2 - This paper revisits the theoretical concepts of path-dependencies and lock-in mechanisms to analyse transition processes in energy production and road transportation in the Nordic countries, focussing on three technology platforms, advanced biofuels, e-mobility and hydrogen and FCEVs. The paper is based on a comparative analysis of case studies. The main lock-in mechanisms analysed are learning effects, economies of scale, economies of scope, network externalities, informational increasing returns, technological interrelatedness, collective action, institutional learning effects and differentiation of power. We show that very different path-dependencies have been reinforced by the lock-in mechanisms. Hence, there were differences between countries and between technologies. The incumbent socio-technical regime is not just fossil-based, but can also include mature niches specialised in exploitation of renewable sources. This implies a need to distinguish between lock-in mechanisms favouring the old fossil-based regime, well established (mature) renewable energy niches, or new pathways.

AB - This paper revisits the theoretical concepts of path-dependencies and lock-in mechanisms to analyse transition processes in energy production and road transportation in the Nordic countries, focussing on three technology platforms, advanced biofuels, e-mobility and hydrogen and FCEVs. The paper is based on a comparative analysis of case studies. The main lock-in mechanisms analysed are learning effects, economies of scale, economies of scope, network externalities, informational increasing returns, technological interrelatedness, collective action, institutional learning effects and differentiation of power. We show that very different path-dependencies have been reinforced by the lock-in mechanisms. Hence, there were differences between countries and between technologies. The incumbent socio-technical regime is not just fossil-based, but can also include mature niches specialised in exploitation of renewable sources. This implies a need to distinguish between lock-in mechanisms favouring the old fossil-based regime, well established (mature) renewable energy niches, or new pathways.

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KW - lock-in mechanism

KW - transition process

KW - rad transport

KW - renewable energy

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Klitkou A, Bolwig S, Hansen T, Nikoleris A, Wessberg N. The role of path-dependencies in transition processes: the case of energy for road transport. 2014. 5th International Conference on Sustainability Transitions, Utrecht, Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.4014.5283