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Digitalization is considered an important driver of the unravelling societal and economic transformations. However, holding both promises and challenges, its effects on the performance of individual firms are still underexplored. In this paper, we recognize that digitalization may take many shapes and try isolating the effects specifically of product digitization on firm level labour productivity. Our analyses are based on a large Europe-wide unique dataset combining structured information from ORBIS and PATSTAT with novel web-scraped information on digitalization in firms involved in high-tech manufacturing. We show that digitalization benefits productivity. However, the effect appears to result exclusively from product digitization, while a general digital intensity measure turned out to be insignificant. Moreover, we show that the effects are stronger for firms with higher initial productivity and firms located in countries considered digitally leading. Our results from the European high-tech sector suggest that the digital transformation in Europe is slow paced and scaled-up in only a fraction of the firms.
|Number of pages||39|
|Publication status||Published - 14 Feb 2023|
|MoE publication type||D4 Published development or research report or study|
|Series||Maastricht Economic and social Research institute on Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT) Working Paper Series|
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- 1 Finished
BIGPROD: Addressing productivity paradox with big data: implications to policy making
Suominen, A., Hajikhani, A., Ashouri, S. & Deschryvere, M.
1/12/19 → 30/04/22
Project: EU project