The significance of various factors for GHG emissions of buildings

Antti Ruuska (Corresponding Author), Tarja Häkkinen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)


    The objective of the research was to create improved understanding of the significance of diverse factors for the total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of buildings. The specific focus of the study was on the assessment of the significance of building materials and embodied carbon. The scope of the study covers multi-storey residential buildings in Finland. This research was based on a literature survey and supported by a parametric case study. The parametric study assessed the building-material-related GHG emissions relative to total GHG emissions and the possible range of variation. The research assesses the minimum and maximum GHG emissions for production of buildings with similar spaces, to reveal the likely range of variation for the emissions. The calculations for the 'minimum' and 'maximum' scenarios assume a similar purpose of use, occupancy and spaces in the building, while the production methods, materials, site conditions and location are varied. The research also assesses the relative importance of various building components and other calculation parameters in terms of GHGs. Total material-related GHG emissions were compared with the GHG emissions caused by the operation of the building, at three distinct levels of energy performance. In addition, the material- and operation-related GHG emissions were compared with the location-related GHG emissions arising from people's mobility
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)317-330
    JournalInternational Journal of Sustainable Engineering
    Issue number4-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • buildings
    • GHG emissions
    • sustainable building
    • sustainable construction
    • sustainable materials
    • life-cycle assesment


    Dive into the research topics of 'The significance of various factors for GHG emissions of buildings'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this