The spatial presence experience scale (SPES)

A short self-report measure for diverse media settings

Tilo Hartmann (Corresponding Author), Werner Wirth, Holger Schramm, Christoph Klimmt, Peter Vorderer, André Gysbers, Saskia Böcking, Niklas Ravaja, Jari Laarni, Timo A. Saari, Feliz Ribeiro Gouveia, Ana Maria Sacau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study of spatial presence is currently receiving increased attention in both media psychology and communication research. The present paper introduces the Spatial Presence Experience Scale (SPES), a short eight-item self-report measure. The SPES is derived from a process model of spatial presence (Wirth et al., 2007, Media Psychology, 9, 493-525), and assesses spatial presence as a two-dimensional construct that comprises a user's self-location and perceived possible actions in a media environment. The SPES is shorter than many other available spatial presence scales, and can be conveniently applied to diverse media settings. Two studies are reported (N1 = 290, N2 = 395) that confirm sound psychometric qualities for the SPES.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 15
JournalJournal of Media Psychology
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Self Report
Communications Media
Acoustic waves
Psychology
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Psychometrics
experience
communication research
Research
psychometrics
media psychology

Keywords

  • immersion
  • measurement
  • self-report
  • spatial presence

Cite this

Hartmann, T., Wirth, W., Schramm, H., Klimmt, C., Vorderer, P., Gysbers, A., ... Sacau, A. M. (2016). The spatial presence experience scale (SPES): A short self-report measure for diverse media settings. Journal of Media Psychology, 28(1), 1 - 15. https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-1105/a000137
Hartmann, Tilo ; Wirth, Werner ; Schramm, Holger ; Klimmt, Christoph ; Vorderer, Peter ; Gysbers, André ; Böcking, Saskia ; Ravaja, Niklas ; Laarni, Jari ; Saari, Timo A. ; Gouveia, Feliz Ribeiro ; Sacau, Ana Maria. / The spatial presence experience scale (SPES) : A short self-report measure for diverse media settings. In: Journal of Media Psychology. 2016 ; Vol. 28, No. 1. pp. 1 - 15.
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Hartmann, T, Wirth, W, Schramm, H, Klimmt, C, Vorderer, P, Gysbers, A, Böcking, S, Ravaja, N, Laarni, J, Saari, TA, Gouveia, FR & Sacau, AM 2016, 'The spatial presence experience scale (SPES): A short self-report measure for diverse media settings', Journal of Media Psychology, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 1 - 15. https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-1105/a000137

The spatial presence experience scale (SPES) : A short self-report measure for diverse media settings. / Hartmann, Tilo (Corresponding Author); Wirth, Werner; Schramm, Holger; Klimmt, Christoph; Vorderer, Peter; Gysbers, André; Böcking, Saskia; Ravaja, Niklas; Laarni, Jari; Saari, Timo A.; Gouveia, Feliz Ribeiro; Sacau, Ana Maria.

In: Journal of Media Psychology, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2016, p. 1 - 15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Vorderer, Peter

AU - Gysbers, André

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AU - Saari, Timo A.

AU - Gouveia, Feliz Ribeiro

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