The use of bark extracts in adhesives

Leena Suomi

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Abstract

The literature research deals with extractants of bark. The rise in costs of fossil and non-renewable raw materials used by the chemical industry has prompted an increase in the research concerning the pure chemicals and aliquot raw materials which can be derived from bark. This interest has been directed, in particular, to phenolic compounds which may be derived from bark. Initially, these compounds were tried experimentally as raw material for adhesives used in the plywood and particle board industry. Tannins or the phenolic components of bark are obtained by extraction from wood bark. The quality of both the yields and the derivatives varies according to the solvent used and the conditions of extraction. Tannins are aliquots of polymeric polyphenols which also include small amounts of monomeric polyphenols and carbohydrates. Tannins are used in glues as the phenols which they contain react with formaldehyde in the same way as most phenols, thought at a faster rate. A condensation product from the reaction hardens when heated in a manner typical of phenol resins. Owing, however, to the volume of polymeric polyphenols, the tanninformaldebyde resins have a significantly higher viscosity than their synthetic counterparts in the same concentrate. Additionally, the adhesive bond is weaker than that of the synthetic phenol resins. The utilisation potential of tannins has captured the attention of scientists around the world for two reasons in particular. Firstly, they are found in renewable natural resources, and secondly, they have less harmful effect on the environment than the products found in oil-based raw materials.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages69
ISBN (Print)951-38-1835-7
Publication statusPublished - 1983
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesValtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports
Number205
ISSN0358-5077

Fingerprint

adhesives
bark
tannins
raw materials
extracts
resins
polyphenols
phenols
phenol
chemical industry
particleboards
plywood
formaldehyde
natural resources
phenolic compounds
viscosity
fossils
concentrates
chemical derivatives
carbohydrates

Keywords

  • spruce wood
  • pine wood
  • bark
  • extraction
  • adhesives

Cite this

Suomi, L. (1983). The use of bark extracts in adhesives. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports, No. 205
Suomi, Leena. / The use of bark extracts in adhesives. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1983. 69 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 205).
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Suomi, L 1983, The use of bark extracts in adhesives. Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports, no. 205, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

The use of bark extracts in adhesives. / Suomi, Leena.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1983. 69 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 205).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

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AB - The literature research deals with extractants of bark. The rise in costs of fossil and non-renewable raw materials used by the chemical industry has prompted an increase in the research concerning the pure chemicals and aliquot raw materials which can be derived from bark. This interest has been directed, in particular, to phenolic compounds which may be derived from bark. Initially, these compounds were tried experimentally as raw material for adhesives used in the plywood and particle board industry. Tannins or the phenolic components of bark are obtained by extraction from wood bark. The quality of both the yields and the derivatives varies according to the solvent used and the conditions of extraction. Tannins are aliquots of polymeric polyphenols which also include small amounts of monomeric polyphenols and carbohydrates. Tannins are used in glues as the phenols which they contain react with formaldehyde in the same way as most phenols, thought at a faster rate. A condensation product from the reaction hardens when heated in a manner typical of phenol resins. Owing, however, to the volume of polymeric polyphenols, the tanninformaldebyde resins have a significantly higher viscosity than their synthetic counterparts in the same concentrate. Additionally, the adhesive bond is weaker than that of the synthetic phenol resins. The utilisation potential of tannins has captured the attention of scientists around the world for two reasons in particular. Firstly, they are found in renewable natural resources, and secondly, they have less harmful effect on the environment than the products found in oil-based raw materials.

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Suomi L. The use of bark extracts in adhesives. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1983. 69 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 205).