The use of biomass derived fast pyrolysis liquids in power generation: Engines and turbines

David Chiaramontia, Anja Oasmaa, Yrjö Solantausta, Cordner Peacocke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Power production from biomass derived pyrolysis liquids has been under development for over 15 years. If technically successful, it would make decentralised bio-energy production possible. Several technologies and system components have been developed by academia, R&D organiisations, and industrial companies in many countries. Considerable experience has been gained and many useful results published, however there is still a lack of long term operational experience. The present work aims at reviewing the most significant experience in power generation from biomass liquids produce by fast pyrolysis processes and providing some cost data on their use in diesel engines. Power plant technologies addressed are: diesel engines, gas turbines, and natural gos/steam power plants and the main results are reviewed with further R&D needs identified. The analysis shows that even for the most promising solutions long-term demonstration has not yet been achieved. Pyrolysis liquid use in gas turbine plants and in co-fining mode in large power stations are technically most, advanced. Recent work with diesel engine also appears quite promising and further development in this area is required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-25
Number of pages23
JournalPower Engineer
Volume11
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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