Thermal comfort and gender: A literature review

Sami Karjalainen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

144 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review examines scientific literature on the effect of gender on indoor thermal comfort. Gender differences have been generally considered to be small and insignificant but this review shows that a growing number of studies have found significant differences in thermal comfort between the genders. Clearly more than half of the laboratory and field studies have found that females express more dissatisfaction than males in the same thermal environments. Very few studies have found males to be more dissatisfied than females. A meta‐analysis shows that females are more likely than males to express thermal dissatisfaction (ratio: 1.74, 95% confidence interval: 1.61–1.89). However, most studies found no significant difference in neutral temperatures between the genders. Females are more sensitive than males to a deviation from an optimal temperature and express more dissatisfaction, especially in cooler conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-109
Number of pages14
JournalIndoor Air
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

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Thermal comfort
Hot Temperature
Literature
Temperature
Confidence Intervals

Keywords

  • Thermal discomfort
  • thermal dissatisfaction
  • neutral temperature
  • meta-analysis
  • individual control
  • personal control
  • adaptive opportunities
  • sex

Cite this

Karjalainen, Sami. / Thermal comfort and gender : A literature review. In: Indoor Air. 2012 ; Vol. 22, No. 2. pp. 96-109.
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abstract = "This review examines scientific literature on the effect of gender on indoor thermal comfort. Gender differences have been generally considered to be small and insignificant but this review shows that a growing number of studies have found significant differences in thermal comfort between the genders. Clearly more than half of the laboratory and field studies have found that females express more dissatisfaction than males in the same thermal environments. Very few studies have found males to be more dissatisfied than females. A meta‐analysis shows that females are more likely than males to express thermal dissatisfaction (ratio: 1.74, 95{\%} confidence interval: 1.61–1.89). However, most studies found no significant difference in neutral temperatures between the genders. Females are more sensitive than males to a deviation from an optimal temperature and express more dissatisfaction, especially in cooler conditions.",
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Thermal comfort and gender : A literature review. / Karjalainen, Sami.

In: Indoor Air, Vol. 22, No. 2, 2012, p. 96-109.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

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AB - This review examines scientific literature on the effect of gender on indoor thermal comfort. Gender differences have been generally considered to be small and insignificant but this review shows that a growing number of studies have found significant differences in thermal comfort between the genders. Clearly more than half of the laboratory and field studies have found that females express more dissatisfaction than males in the same thermal environments. Very few studies have found males to be more dissatisfied than females. A meta‐analysis shows that females are more likely than males to express thermal dissatisfaction (ratio: 1.74, 95% confidence interval: 1.61–1.89). However, most studies found no significant difference in neutral temperatures between the genders. Females are more sensitive than males to a deviation from an optimal temperature and express more dissatisfaction, especially in cooler conditions.

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KW - neutral temperature

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KW - individual control

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