Thermal comfort and use of thermostats in Finnish homes and offices

Sami Karjalainen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    154 Citations (Scopus)


    Thermal comfort and use of thermostats in homes and office rooms were examined by a quantitative interview survey with a nationally representative sample in Finland. The total number of respondents was 3094. The results show that thermal comfort levels are lower in offices than in homes. People feel cold and hot more often in offices than in homes during both the winter and summer seasons. The perceived control over room temperature is remarkably low in offices. Higher thermal comfort levels and perceived control in homes are supported by greater adaptive opportunities. In offices people have fewer opportunities to control the thermal environment, people deal worse with thermostats, and people have lower opportunities to adapt to different thermal environments.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1237-1245
    Number of pages9
    JournalBuilding and Environment
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • home
    • office
    • quantitative interview survey
    • thermal comfort
    • thermostat


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