Thermal degradation of selected alloys for SOFC interconnectors

Sanni Mustala, Juha Veivo, Pertti Auerkari, Jari Kiviaho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oxide growth and thermal degradation of three ferritic SOFC interconnector alloys have been investigated.
The materials included a standard grade (alloy 430) and two alloys (Crofer 22 APU, ZMG 232) specifically designed for interconnector service. All alloys appear to follow parabolic oxidation up to 500 h at 740{degree sign}C in air. During oxidation, a consistent decrease of iron and increase of chromium and manganese were observed in the surface oxide.
Some chromium transport was detected on the cathode side surface of the cell after 500 h at 740{degree sign}C. The results emphasise the importance of appropriate coating of the interconnectors, to prevent chromium poisoning on the cathode.
A natural coating material would be similar or compatible with the ceramic cathode.
Such a coating also has the additional advantage that simpler and cheaper steel grades could be used as the interconnector material.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-157
JournalECS Transactions
Volume2
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Pyrolysis
Chromium
Cathodes
Coatings
Oxidation
Oxides
Manganese
Iron
Steel
Air

Cite this

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abstract = "Oxide growth and thermal degradation of three ferritic SOFC interconnector alloys have been investigated. The materials included a standard grade (alloy 430) and two alloys (Crofer 22 APU, ZMG 232) specifically designed for interconnector service. All alloys appear to follow parabolic oxidation up to 500 h at 740{degree sign}C in air. During oxidation, a consistent decrease of iron and increase of chromium and manganese were observed in the surface oxide. Some chromium transport was detected on the cathode side surface of the cell after 500 h at 740{degree sign}C. The results emphasise the importance of appropriate coating of the interconnectors, to prevent chromium poisoning on the cathode. A natural coating material would be similar or compatible with the ceramic cathode. Such a coating also has the additional advantage that simpler and cheaper steel grades could be used as the interconnector material.",
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Thermal degradation of selected alloys for SOFC interconnectors. / Mustala, Sanni; Veivo, Juha; Auerkari, Pertti; Kiviaho, Jari.

In: ECS Transactions, Vol. 2, No. 9, 2007, p. 151-157.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Mustala, Sanni

AU - Veivo, Juha

AU - Auerkari, Pertti

AU - Kiviaho, Jari

PY - 2007

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N2 - Oxide growth and thermal degradation of three ferritic SOFC interconnector alloys have been investigated. The materials included a standard grade (alloy 430) and two alloys (Crofer 22 APU, ZMG 232) specifically designed for interconnector service. All alloys appear to follow parabolic oxidation up to 500 h at 740{degree sign}C in air. During oxidation, a consistent decrease of iron and increase of chromium and manganese were observed in the surface oxide. Some chromium transport was detected on the cathode side surface of the cell after 500 h at 740{degree sign}C. The results emphasise the importance of appropriate coating of the interconnectors, to prevent chromium poisoning on the cathode. A natural coating material would be similar or compatible with the ceramic cathode. Such a coating also has the additional advantage that simpler and cheaper steel grades could be used as the interconnector material.

AB - Oxide growth and thermal degradation of three ferritic SOFC interconnector alloys have been investigated. The materials included a standard grade (alloy 430) and two alloys (Crofer 22 APU, ZMG 232) specifically designed for interconnector service. All alloys appear to follow parabolic oxidation up to 500 h at 740{degree sign}C in air. During oxidation, a consistent decrease of iron and increase of chromium and manganese were observed in the surface oxide. Some chromium transport was detected on the cathode side surface of the cell after 500 h at 740{degree sign}C. The results emphasise the importance of appropriate coating of the interconnectors, to prevent chromium poisoning on the cathode. A natural coating material would be similar or compatible with the ceramic cathode. Such a coating also has the additional advantage that simpler and cheaper steel grades could be used as the interconnector material.

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