Thermal degradation of various lignins by TG-MS/FTIR and Py-GC-MS

M. Brebu (Corresponding Author), Tarja Tamminen, I. Spiridon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermal degradation was comparatively studied by TG-MS/FTIR and Py-GC-MS for four lignins of different raw materials and manufacturing processes. Acid hydrolysis by the Klason method was applied to wheat straw and oak, organosolv process based on acetic acid/phosphinic acid cooking to white birch and kraft cooking to Scandinavian mixed softwood, followed by the Lignoboost® process to recover lignin from the black liquor. The temperature domains of degradation were determined and indications on the main compounds produced during each stage were obtained. The composition of pyrolysis oils was determined. Similarities and differences in thermal behaviour and composition of degradation products among studied lignins were observed and discussed. Klason wheat straw and Lignoboost® softwood lignins showed a similar thermal behaviour but different composition of pyrolysis oils while the lignin obtained by acid hydrolysis from oak (Klason quercus) and Organosolv birch had similar composition of pyrolysis oils.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)531-539
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Lignin
Pyrolysis
Oils
Softwoods
Cooking
Straw
Chemical analysis
Acids
Hydrolysis
Phosphinic Acids
Degradation
Acetic acid
Acetic Acid
Raw materials
Temperature
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • lignins
  • pyrolysis oil
  • thermal degradation

Cite this

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abstract = "Thermal degradation was comparatively studied by TG-MS/FTIR and Py-GC-MS for four lignins of different raw materials and manufacturing processes. Acid hydrolysis by the Klason method was applied to wheat straw and oak, organosolv process based on acetic acid/phosphinic acid cooking to white birch and kraft cooking to Scandinavian mixed softwood, followed by the Lignoboost{\circledR} process to recover lignin from the black liquor. The temperature domains of degradation were determined and indications on the main compounds produced during each stage were obtained. The composition of pyrolysis oils was determined. Similarities and differences in thermal behaviour and composition of degradation products among studied lignins were observed and discussed. Klason wheat straw and Lignoboost{\circledR} softwood lignins showed a similar thermal behaviour but different composition of pyrolysis oils while the lignin obtained by acid hydrolysis from oak (Klason quercus) and Organosolv birch had similar composition of pyrolysis oils.",
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Thermal degradation of various lignins by TG-MS/FTIR and Py-GC-MS. / Brebu, M. (Corresponding Author); Tamminen, Tarja; Spiridon, I.

In: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Vol. 104, 2013, p. 531-539.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Thermal degradation of various lignins by TG-MS/FTIR and Py-GC-MS

AU - Brebu, M.

AU - Tamminen, Tarja

AU - Spiridon, I.

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AB - Thermal degradation was comparatively studied by TG-MS/FTIR and Py-GC-MS for four lignins of different raw materials and manufacturing processes. Acid hydrolysis by the Klason method was applied to wheat straw and oak, organosolv process based on acetic acid/phosphinic acid cooking to white birch and kraft cooking to Scandinavian mixed softwood, followed by the Lignoboost® process to recover lignin from the black liquor. The temperature domains of degradation were determined and indications on the main compounds produced during each stage were obtained. The composition of pyrolysis oils was determined. Similarities and differences in thermal behaviour and composition of degradation products among studied lignins were observed and discussed. Klason wheat straw and Lignoboost® softwood lignins showed a similar thermal behaviour but different composition of pyrolysis oils while the lignin obtained by acid hydrolysis from oak (Klason quercus) and Organosolv birch had similar composition of pyrolysis oils.

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