Thermal effects of replacing solder with conductive adhesives

Outi Spalding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

An important disadvantage of conducting adhesives is their inferior heat conductivity when compared with soft solder such as Sn60Pb40. Thermal simulations, however, show that, by using thinner layers of adhesive than of solder, the module's thermal resistance does not increase greatly. Test modules with four different silver filled epoxy adhesives and tin/lead solder were manufactured. These test modules contained power diodes, 30 A, 1000 V, die bonded onto Ag/Pt thick film conductors on alumina. The die bond adhesive layer thicknesses were typically 30 or 40 μm. For die bond solder layers the thickness was 90 μm. The alumina substrates were connected to 3 mm thick copper plates with filled epoxy or silicone adhesive. The thickness of these layers was 150 μm or 50 μm, respectively. Thermal resistance of the structures was measured. The results showed that good adhesion between joined surfaces is essential for optimised heat flow. The heat conductivity of an adhesive was only a secondary factor affecting the structure's thermal resistance. When the adhesive joint is of good quality, the replacement of solder with conductive adhesives does not increase the module's thermal resistance any more than as shown by the simulations. It should, however, be remembered that the printing of thin (< 20 μm) uniform layers is not always possible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26 - 28
Number of pages3
JournalMicroelectronics International
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

solders
Soldering alloys
Thermal effects
adhesives
temperature effects
Adhesives
Heat resistance
thermal resistance
Aluminum Oxide
modules
Thermal conductivity
Alumina
aluminum oxides
Adhesive joints
Tin
thermal simulation
heat
conductivity
Silicones
Silver

Cite this

Spalding, Outi. / Thermal effects of replacing solder with conductive adhesives. In: Microelectronics International. 1993 ; Vol. 10, No. 2. pp. 26 - 28.
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title = "Thermal effects of replacing solder with conductive adhesives",
abstract = "An important disadvantage of conducting adhesives is their inferior heat conductivity when compared with soft solder such as Sn60Pb40. Thermal simulations, however, show that, by using thinner layers of adhesive than of solder, the module's thermal resistance does not increase greatly. Test modules with four different silver filled epoxy adhesives and tin/lead solder were manufactured. These test modules contained power diodes, 30 A, 1000 V, die bonded onto Ag/Pt thick film conductors on alumina. The die bond adhesive layer thicknesses were typically 30 or 40 μm. For die bond solder layers the thickness was 90 μm. The alumina substrates were connected to 3 mm thick copper plates with filled epoxy or silicone adhesive. The thickness of these layers was 150 μm or 50 μm, respectively. Thermal resistance of the structures was measured. The results showed that good adhesion between joined surfaces is essential for optimised heat flow. The heat conductivity of an adhesive was only a secondary factor affecting the structure's thermal resistance. When the adhesive joint is of good quality, the replacement of solder with conductive adhesives does not increase the module's thermal resistance any more than as shown by the simulations. It should, however, be remembered that the printing of thin (< 20 μm) uniform layers is not always possible.",
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Thermal effects of replacing solder with conductive adhesives. / Spalding, Outi.

In: Microelectronics International, Vol. 10, No. 2, 1993, p. 26 - 28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Thermal effects of replacing solder with conductive adhesives

AU - Spalding, Outi

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - An important disadvantage of conducting adhesives is their inferior heat conductivity when compared with soft solder such as Sn60Pb40. Thermal simulations, however, show that, by using thinner layers of adhesive than of solder, the module's thermal resistance does not increase greatly. Test modules with four different silver filled epoxy adhesives and tin/lead solder were manufactured. These test modules contained power diodes, 30 A, 1000 V, die bonded onto Ag/Pt thick film conductors on alumina. The die bond adhesive layer thicknesses were typically 30 or 40 μm. For die bond solder layers the thickness was 90 μm. The alumina substrates were connected to 3 mm thick copper plates with filled epoxy or silicone adhesive. The thickness of these layers was 150 μm or 50 μm, respectively. Thermal resistance of the structures was measured. The results showed that good adhesion between joined surfaces is essential for optimised heat flow. The heat conductivity of an adhesive was only a secondary factor affecting the structure's thermal resistance. When the adhesive joint is of good quality, the replacement of solder with conductive adhesives does not increase the module's thermal resistance any more than as shown by the simulations. It should, however, be remembered that the printing of thin (< 20 μm) uniform layers is not always possible.

AB - An important disadvantage of conducting adhesives is their inferior heat conductivity when compared with soft solder such as Sn60Pb40. Thermal simulations, however, show that, by using thinner layers of adhesive than of solder, the module's thermal resistance does not increase greatly. Test modules with four different silver filled epoxy adhesives and tin/lead solder were manufactured. These test modules contained power diodes, 30 A, 1000 V, die bonded onto Ag/Pt thick film conductors on alumina. The die bond adhesive layer thicknesses were typically 30 or 40 μm. For die bond solder layers the thickness was 90 μm. The alumina substrates were connected to 3 mm thick copper plates with filled epoxy or silicone adhesive. The thickness of these layers was 150 μm or 50 μm, respectively. Thermal resistance of the structures was measured. The results showed that good adhesion between joined surfaces is essential for optimised heat flow. The heat conductivity of an adhesive was only a secondary factor affecting the structure's thermal resistance. When the adhesive joint is of good quality, the replacement of solder with conductive adhesives does not increase the module's thermal resistance any more than as shown by the simulations. It should, however, be remembered that the printing of thin (< 20 μm) uniform layers is not always possible.

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