Thermal management of fully LTCC-packaged Cs vapour cell for MEMS atomic clock

R.K. Chutani (Corresponding Author), S. Galliou, N. Passilly, C. Gorecki, Aila Sitomaniemi, Mikko Heikkinen, Kari Kautio, Antti Keränen, A. Jornod

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

This paper describes a study of the thermal behaviour of fully packaged Caesium vapour cell developed in the framework of the European collaborative research project called “MEMS atomic clocks for timing, frequency control and communications (MAC-TFC)”. This cell, along with various electronic and optical components, is embedded in a Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramics (LTCC) structure, in order to build a compact MEMS-based atomic clock. Functioning of such atomic clock depends on inner and outer environment of the Cs vapour cell, including parameters such as pressure and temperature of buffer gas. This paper is then devoted to study the thermal behaviour of a fully LTCC-packaged Cs vapour cell according to the ambient temperature change when it is locally temperature controlled. Simulations have been carried out by using analytical modelling and finite element based softwares. Different solutions concerning the LTCC structure such as bridges/suspensions, vacuum environment, metallic coating, as well as the optimal positions of the temperature-control elements have been investigated. Finally, preliminary experiments based on a prototype resulting from this study are presented and an additional solution based on the dynamic adjustment of the set temperature as a function of the ambient temperature is proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-68
Number of pages11
JournalSensors and Actuators A: Physical
Volume174
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Atomic clocks
atomic clocks
Temperature control
microelectromechanical systems
MEMS
Vapors
ceramics
vapors
cells
ambient temperature
cesium vapor
frequency control
Temperature
research projects
temperature control
temperature
buffers
adjusting
communication
prototypes

Keywords

  • Finite element method
  • LTCC packaging
  • MEMS atomic clock
  • steady state analysis
  • thermal behaviour

Cite this

Chutani, R.K. ; Galliou, S. ; Passilly, N. ; Gorecki, C. ; Sitomaniemi, Aila ; Heikkinen, Mikko ; Kautio, Kari ; Keränen, Antti ; Jornod, A. / Thermal management of fully LTCC-packaged Cs vapour cell for MEMS atomic clock. In: Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 2012 ; Vol. 174. pp. 58-68.
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abstract = "This paper describes a study of the thermal behaviour of fully packaged Caesium vapour cell developed in the framework of the European collaborative research project called “MEMS atomic clocks for timing, frequency control and communications (MAC-TFC)”. This cell, along with various electronic and optical components, is embedded in a Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramics (LTCC) structure, in order to build a compact MEMS-based atomic clock. Functioning of such atomic clock depends on inner and outer environment of the Cs vapour cell, including parameters such as pressure and temperature of buffer gas. This paper is then devoted to study the thermal behaviour of a fully LTCC-packaged Cs vapour cell according to the ambient temperature change when it is locally temperature controlled. Simulations have been carried out by using analytical modelling and finite element based softwares. Different solutions concerning the LTCC structure such as bridges/suspensions, vacuum environment, metallic coating, as well as the optimal positions of the temperature-control elements have been investigated. Finally, preliminary experiments based on a prototype resulting from this study are presented and an additional solution based on the dynamic adjustment of the set temperature as a function of the ambient temperature is proposed.",
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Chutani, RK, Galliou, S, Passilly, N, Gorecki, C, Sitomaniemi, A, Heikkinen, M, Kautio, K, Keränen, A & Jornod, A 2012, 'Thermal management of fully LTCC-packaged Cs vapour cell for MEMS atomic clock', Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, vol. 174, pp. 58-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sna.2011.11.025

Thermal management of fully LTCC-packaged Cs vapour cell for MEMS atomic clock. / Chutani, R.K. (Corresponding Author); Galliou, S.; Passilly, N.; Gorecki, C.; Sitomaniemi, Aila; Heikkinen, Mikko; Kautio, Kari; Keränen, Antti; Jornod, A.

In: Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, Vol. 174, 2012, p. 58-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Chutani, R.K.

AU - Galliou, S.

AU - Passilly, N.

AU - Gorecki, C.

AU - Sitomaniemi, Aila

AU - Heikkinen, Mikko

AU - Kautio, Kari

AU - Keränen, Antti

AU - Jornod, A.

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AB - This paper describes a study of the thermal behaviour of fully packaged Caesium vapour cell developed in the framework of the European collaborative research project called “MEMS atomic clocks for timing, frequency control and communications (MAC-TFC)”. This cell, along with various electronic and optical components, is embedded in a Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramics (LTCC) structure, in order to build a compact MEMS-based atomic clock. Functioning of such atomic clock depends on inner and outer environment of the Cs vapour cell, including parameters such as pressure and temperature of buffer gas. This paper is then devoted to study the thermal behaviour of a fully LTCC-packaged Cs vapour cell according to the ambient temperature change when it is locally temperature controlled. Simulations have been carried out by using analytical modelling and finite element based softwares. Different solutions concerning the LTCC structure such as bridges/suspensions, vacuum environment, metallic coating, as well as the optimal positions of the temperature-control elements have been investigated. Finally, preliminary experiments based on a prototype resulting from this study are presented and an additional solution based on the dynamic adjustment of the set temperature as a function of the ambient temperature is proposed.

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KW - MEMS atomic clock

KW - steady state analysis

KW - thermal behaviour

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DO - 10.1016/j.sna.2011.11.025

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JO - Sensors and Actuators A: Physical

JF - Sensors and Actuators A: Physical

SN - 0924-4247

ER -