Thermochemical conversion of black liquor organics into fuels

Anja Oasmaa, Raimo Alen, Paterson McKeough, Allan Johansson

    Research output: Book/ReportReport


    A low viscosity fuel oil has been prepared from black liquor by the following process: I) thermal treatment of black liquor at 300 - 350 °C under pressure (20 MPa) in the presence of excess alkali (NaOH), 2) removal of sodium from the black liquor primary oil by acid wash, and 3) catalytic upgrading of the sodium free black liquor primary oil. The yield of primary oil was about 40 wt% of the initial black liquor organics in the thermal treatment stage. The oil had a sodium content of 7 % (dry matter basis), and only about 1% of the oil was distillable ( <260 °C). By washing the oil with dilute acid the sodium content was reduced to 0.02 %. In this case the distillate yield was 11%. After the catalytic (NiMo/CoMo) two stage (30 min at 280 °C and 60 min at 390 °C) hydrotreatment the oil yield was 88 % and the distillate yield 51%. The total loss organics in the wash and upgrading stages was 20-25%.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages27
    ISBN (Print)951-38-4220-7
    Publication statusPublished - 1992
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Publications


    • black liquor
    • organic compounds
    • conversion
    • thermochemical processes
    • fuels
    • liquid fuels
    • production


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