Thermomechanical surface instability at the origin of surface fissure patterns onheated circular MDF samples

Andrea Ferrantelli, Djebar Baroudi, Sergei Khakalo, Kai Yuan Li (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

When a flat sample of medium density fibreboard (MDF) is exposed to radiant heat in an inert atmosphere, primarycrack patterns suddenly start to appear over the entire surface before pyrolysis and any charring occurs. Contrary tocommon belief that crack formation is due to drying and shrinkage, it was demonstrated for square samples that thisresults from thermomechanical instability.In the present paper, new experimental data are presented for circular samples of the same MDF material. Thesample was exposed to radiant heating at 20 or 50 kW/m2, and completely different crack patterns with independentEigenmodes were observed at the two heat fluxes. We show that the two patterns can be reproduced with a full 3-Dthermomechanical surface instability model of a hot layer adhered to an elastic colder foundation in an axisymmetricdomain. Analytical and numerical solutions of a simplified 2-D formulation of the same problem provide excellentqualitative agreement between observed and calculated patterns.Previous data for square samples together with the results reported in the present paper for circular samples confirmthe validity of the model for qualitative predictions, and indicate that further refinements can be made to improve itsquantitative predictive capability.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)707-716
Number of pages10
JournalFire and Materials
Volume43
Issue number6
Early online date20 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Radiant heating
Crack initiation
Heat flux
Drying
Pyrolysis
Cracks
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • MDF cracking
  • Thermomechanical buckling
  • Analytical models
  • Heat transfer
  • Thermal effects

Cite this

Ferrantelli, Andrea ; Baroudi, Djebar ; Khakalo, Sergei ; Li, Kai Yuan. / Thermomechanical surface instability at the origin of surface fissure patterns onheated circular MDF samples. In: Fire and Materials. 2019 ; Vol. 43, No. 6. pp. 707-716.
@article{9cb3701f93584d1baa4d4f8f0d97edd3,
title = "Thermomechanical surface instability at the origin of surface fissure patterns onheated circular MDF samples",
abstract = "When a flat sample of medium density fibreboard (MDF) is exposed to radiant heat in an inert atmosphere, primarycrack patterns suddenly start to appear over the entire surface before pyrolysis and any charring occurs. Contrary tocommon belief that crack formation is due to drying and shrinkage, it was demonstrated for square samples that thisresults from thermomechanical instability.In the present paper, new experimental data are presented for circular samples of the same MDF material. Thesample was exposed to radiant heating at 20 or 50 kW/m2, and completely different crack patterns with independentEigenmodes were observed at the two heat fluxes. We show that the two patterns can be reproduced with a full 3-Dthermomechanical surface instability model of a hot layer adhered to an elastic colder foundation in an axisymmetricdomain. Analytical and numerical solutions of a simplified 2-D formulation of the same problem provide excellentqualitative agreement between observed and calculated patterns.Previous data for square samples together with the results reported in the present paper for circular samples confirmthe validity of the model for qualitative predictions, and indicate that further refinements can be made to improve itsquantitative predictive capability.",
keywords = "MDF cracking, Thermomechanical buckling, Analytical models, Heat transfer, Thermal effects",
author = "Andrea Ferrantelli and Djebar Baroudi and Sergei Khakalo and Li, {Kai Yuan}",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/fam.2722",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "707--716",
journal = "Fire and Materials",
issn = "0308-0501",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "6",

}

Thermomechanical surface instability at the origin of surface fissure patterns onheated circular MDF samples. / Ferrantelli, Andrea; Baroudi, Djebar; Khakalo, Sergei; Li, Kai Yuan (Corresponding Author).

In: Fire and Materials, Vol. 43, No. 6, 01.10.2019, p. 707-716.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Thermomechanical surface instability at the origin of surface fissure patterns onheated circular MDF samples

AU - Ferrantelli, Andrea

AU - Baroudi, Djebar

AU - Khakalo, Sergei

AU - Li, Kai Yuan

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - When a flat sample of medium density fibreboard (MDF) is exposed to radiant heat in an inert atmosphere, primarycrack patterns suddenly start to appear over the entire surface before pyrolysis and any charring occurs. Contrary tocommon belief that crack formation is due to drying and shrinkage, it was demonstrated for square samples that thisresults from thermomechanical instability.In the present paper, new experimental data are presented for circular samples of the same MDF material. Thesample was exposed to radiant heating at 20 or 50 kW/m2, and completely different crack patterns with independentEigenmodes were observed at the two heat fluxes. We show that the two patterns can be reproduced with a full 3-Dthermomechanical surface instability model of a hot layer adhered to an elastic colder foundation in an axisymmetricdomain. Analytical and numerical solutions of a simplified 2-D formulation of the same problem provide excellentqualitative agreement between observed and calculated patterns.Previous data for square samples together with the results reported in the present paper for circular samples confirmthe validity of the model for qualitative predictions, and indicate that further refinements can be made to improve itsquantitative predictive capability.

AB - When a flat sample of medium density fibreboard (MDF) is exposed to radiant heat in an inert atmosphere, primarycrack patterns suddenly start to appear over the entire surface before pyrolysis and any charring occurs. Contrary tocommon belief that crack formation is due to drying and shrinkage, it was demonstrated for square samples that thisresults from thermomechanical instability.In the present paper, new experimental data are presented for circular samples of the same MDF material. Thesample was exposed to radiant heating at 20 or 50 kW/m2, and completely different crack patterns with independentEigenmodes were observed at the two heat fluxes. We show that the two patterns can be reproduced with a full 3-Dthermomechanical surface instability model of a hot layer adhered to an elastic colder foundation in an axisymmetricdomain. Analytical and numerical solutions of a simplified 2-D formulation of the same problem provide excellentqualitative agreement between observed and calculated patterns.Previous data for square samples together with the results reported in the present paper for circular samples confirmthe validity of the model for qualitative predictions, and indicate that further refinements can be made to improve itsquantitative predictive capability.

KW - MDF cracking

KW - Thermomechanical buckling

KW - Analytical models

KW - Heat transfer

KW - Thermal effects

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067836934&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/fam.2722

DO - 10.1002/fam.2722

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85067836934

VL - 43

SP - 707

EP - 716

JO - Fire and Materials

JF - Fire and Materials

SN - 0308-0501

IS - 6

ER -