Thin Film Bulk Acoustic Wave Devices. Performance Optimization and Modeling: Dissertation

    Research output: ThesisDissertation

    Abstract

    Thin film bulk acoustic wave (BAW) resonators and filters operating in the GHz range are used in mobile phones for the most demanding filtering applications and complement the surface acoustic wave (SAW) based filters. Their main ad-vantages are small size and high performance at frequencies above 2 GHz. This work concentrates on the characterization, performance optimization, and mod-elling techniques of thin film BAW devices. Laser interferometric vibration measurements together with plate wave disper-sion modeling are used to extract the full set of elastic material parameters for sputter deposited ZnO, demonstrating a method for obtaining material data needed for accurate simulation of the devices. The effectiveness of the acoustic interference reflector used to isolate the vi-bration from the substrate is studied by 1-D modeling, 2-D finite element method and by electrical and laser interferometric measurements. It is found that the Q-value of reflector-based BAW resonators operating at 2 GHz is limited to approximately 2000 by mechanisms other than leakage through the reflector. Suppression of spurious resonances in ZnO resonators is studied in depth by modeling and measurements. It is verified that the approximate mode orthogo-nality is behind the suppression in boundary frame type ZnO devices operating in the piston mode, but also another narrow band mode suppression mechanism is found. A plate wave dispersion based 2-D simulation scheme for laterally acousti-cally coupled BAW resonator filters is developed and employed in designing of experimental devices, which show both good agreement with the model predic-tions and a remarkable 4.9 % relative bandwidth.
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor Degree
    Awarding Institution
    • Aalto University
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • Kaivola, M., Supervisor, External person
    Award date25 Feb 2011
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    Publisher
    Print ISBNs978-951-38-7722-4
    Electronic ISBNs978-951-38-7723-1
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)

    Keywords

    • thing film
    • bulk acoustic wave
    • BAW
    • AIN
    • ZnO
    • resonator
    • filter
    • GHz
    • microacoustic modeling
    • interferometric imaging

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