Three-dimensional thermal aging and dimensional stability of cellular plastic insulation

Youchen Fan, Erkki Kokko

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Abstract

The requirement of producing environmental-friendly plastic foam results in the replacement of the traditional blowing agents, CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons), with zero ozone depletion potential (ODP) alternatives. The tool which is able to evaluate the quality of the new generation of plastic foams becomes practically important. A 3-dimensional (3-D) heat and mass (gases) transfer model with respect to rigid closed-cell cellular plastics has been carefully deduced and furnished based on our previous understanding of such problems. To solve the 3-D parabolic partial differential equations subject to the third type of boundary conditions, a modified alternative direction implicit (ADI) finite difference method was developed by using the natural laws. To predict the long-term dimensional stability of a plastic foam insulation in air, a simplified mechanical model has been presented. In addition, to closure the prediction of foam dimensional stability, we have deduced a general relationship between the elastic modulus (Young's modulus) of a rigid closed-cell cellular plastic, Ef and its density, fp. In comparison to the published measurements and other two well-known Ef - fp models, it is found that our Ef - fp relationship gives better prediction and is valid over the entire rigid plastic foam density range. Thermal aging and average volume change of zero ODP foams with different facing will be addressed. In addition, the application of the model shows the effects of foam dimension and facing on its thermal aging and deformation.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages39
ISBN (Print)951-38-4913-9
Publication statusPublished - 1996
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
Number1758
ISSN1235-0605

Fingerprint

Foamed plastics
Thermal aging
Dimensional stability
Insulation
Foams
Ozone
Elastic moduli
Chlorofluorocarbons
Blowing agents
Finite difference method
Partial differential equations
Boundary conditions
Air
Gases

Keywords

  • ageing tests (materials)
  • construction materials
  • insulation
  • plastics
  • cellular plastics
  • blowing agents
  • thermal ageing tests
  • stability
  • heat transfer
  • modulus of elasticity
  • foam
  • mathematical models

Cite this

Fan, Y., & Kokko, E. (1996). Three-dimensional thermal aging and dimensional stability of cellular plastic insulation. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 1758
Fan, Youchen ; Kokko, Erkki. / Three-dimensional thermal aging and dimensional stability of cellular plastic insulation. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1996. 39 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1758).
@book{4d2265ddac304a69aa3c1655641c6f45,
title = "Three-dimensional thermal aging and dimensional stability of cellular plastic insulation",
abstract = "The requirement of producing environmental-friendly plastic foam results in the replacement of the traditional blowing agents, CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons), with zero ozone depletion potential (ODP) alternatives. The tool which is able to evaluate the quality of the new generation of plastic foams becomes practically important. A 3-dimensional (3-D) heat and mass (gases) transfer model with respect to rigid closed-cell cellular plastics has been carefully deduced and furnished based on our previous understanding of such problems. To solve the 3-D parabolic partial differential equations subject to the third type of boundary conditions, a modified alternative direction implicit (ADI) finite difference method was developed by using the natural laws. To predict the long-term dimensional stability of a plastic foam insulation in air, a simplified mechanical model has been presented. In addition, to closure the prediction of foam dimensional stability, we have deduced a general relationship between the elastic modulus (Young's modulus) of a rigid closed-cell cellular plastic, Ef and its density, fp. In comparison to the published measurements and other two well-known Ef - fp models, it is found that our Ef - fp relationship gives better prediction and is valid over the entire rigid plastic foam density range. Thermal aging and average volume change of zero ODP foams with different facing will be addressed. In addition, the application of the model shows the effects of foam dimension and facing on its thermal aging and deformation.",
keywords = "ageing tests (materials), construction materials, insulation, plastics, cellular plastics, blowing agents, thermal ageing tests, stability, heat transfer, modulus of elasticity, foam, mathematical models",
author = "Youchen Fan and Erkki Kokko",
year = "1996",
language = "English",
isbn = "951-38-4913-9",
series = "VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes",
publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
number = "1758",
address = "Finland",

}

Fan, Y & Kokko, E 1996, Three-dimensional thermal aging and dimensional stability of cellular plastic insulation. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 1758, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Three-dimensional thermal aging and dimensional stability of cellular plastic insulation. / Fan, Youchen; Kokko, Erkki.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1996. 39 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1758).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

TY - BOOK

T1 - Three-dimensional thermal aging and dimensional stability of cellular plastic insulation

AU - Fan, Youchen

AU - Kokko, Erkki

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - The requirement of producing environmental-friendly plastic foam results in the replacement of the traditional blowing agents, CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons), with zero ozone depletion potential (ODP) alternatives. The tool which is able to evaluate the quality of the new generation of plastic foams becomes practically important. A 3-dimensional (3-D) heat and mass (gases) transfer model with respect to rigid closed-cell cellular plastics has been carefully deduced and furnished based on our previous understanding of such problems. To solve the 3-D parabolic partial differential equations subject to the third type of boundary conditions, a modified alternative direction implicit (ADI) finite difference method was developed by using the natural laws. To predict the long-term dimensional stability of a plastic foam insulation in air, a simplified mechanical model has been presented. In addition, to closure the prediction of foam dimensional stability, we have deduced a general relationship between the elastic modulus (Young's modulus) of a rigid closed-cell cellular plastic, Ef and its density, fp. In comparison to the published measurements and other two well-known Ef - fp models, it is found that our Ef - fp relationship gives better prediction and is valid over the entire rigid plastic foam density range. Thermal aging and average volume change of zero ODP foams with different facing will be addressed. In addition, the application of the model shows the effects of foam dimension and facing on its thermal aging and deformation.

AB - The requirement of producing environmental-friendly plastic foam results in the replacement of the traditional blowing agents, CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons), with zero ozone depletion potential (ODP) alternatives. The tool which is able to evaluate the quality of the new generation of plastic foams becomes practically important. A 3-dimensional (3-D) heat and mass (gases) transfer model with respect to rigid closed-cell cellular plastics has been carefully deduced and furnished based on our previous understanding of such problems. To solve the 3-D parabolic partial differential equations subject to the third type of boundary conditions, a modified alternative direction implicit (ADI) finite difference method was developed by using the natural laws. To predict the long-term dimensional stability of a plastic foam insulation in air, a simplified mechanical model has been presented. In addition, to closure the prediction of foam dimensional stability, we have deduced a general relationship between the elastic modulus (Young's modulus) of a rigid closed-cell cellular plastic, Ef and its density, fp. In comparison to the published measurements and other two well-known Ef - fp models, it is found that our Ef - fp relationship gives better prediction and is valid over the entire rigid plastic foam density range. Thermal aging and average volume change of zero ODP foams with different facing will be addressed. In addition, the application of the model shows the effects of foam dimension and facing on its thermal aging and deformation.

KW - ageing tests (materials)

KW - construction materials

KW - insulation

KW - plastics

KW - cellular plastics

KW - blowing agents

KW - thermal ageing tests

KW - stability

KW - heat transfer

KW - modulus of elasticity

KW - foam

KW - mathematical models

M3 - Report

SN - 951-38-4913-9

T3 - VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes

BT - Three-dimensional thermal aging and dimensional stability of cellular plastic insulation

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Fan Y, Kokko E. Three-dimensional thermal aging and dimensional stability of cellular plastic insulation. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1996. 39 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1758).