TiB2 and ZrB2 diffusion barriers in GaAs Ohmic contact technology

Joel Shappirio, John Finnegan, R. Lux, D. Fox, J. Kwiatkowski, Hannu Kattelus, Marc Nicolet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

The transition metal diboride compounds, ZrB2 and TiB2, interposed between Ni/Ge/Au Ohmic contact metallization on n‐type GaAs wafers and an overlying thick Au contact layer, have been investigated to evaluate their effectiveness in stabilizing the Ohmic contact by limiting the in‐diffusion of Au. All of the metal layers were e‐beam deposited except the ZrB2 which was rf‐diode sputtered. The barrier layer thicknesses were 50 and 100 nm for the TiB2 and the ZrB2, respectively. Postdeposition alloying of the contacts was performed at 400, 425, or 450 °C. Auger electron spectroscopy depth profiling of the resultant Ohmic contacts demonstrates that the barrier layers effectively preclude penetration of Au to the Ohmic contact structure. Specific contact resistivities for such contacts are in the low 107 Ω cm2 range; although some degradation of the contact resistivity is observed after long term annealing, the values of resistivities do not exceed 1.5×106 Ω cm2 after 92 h at 350 °C.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2255 - 2258
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1985
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

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Diffusion barriers
Ohmic contacts
electric contacts
Transition metal compounds
barrier layers
Depth profiling
Auger electron spectroscopy
electrical resistivity
Metallizing
Alloying
Metals
Annealing
metal compounds
Degradation
gallium arsenide
alloying
Auger spectroscopy
electron spectroscopy
penetration
transition metals

Cite this

Shappirio, J., Finnegan, J., Lux, R., Fox, D., Kwiatkowski, J., Kattelus, H., & Nicolet, M. (1985). TiB2 and ZrB2 diffusion barriers in GaAs Ohmic contact technology. Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films, 3(6), 2255 - 2258. https://doi.org/10.1116/1.572902
Shappirio, Joel ; Finnegan, John ; Lux, R. ; Fox, D. ; Kwiatkowski, J. ; Kattelus, Hannu ; Nicolet, Marc. / TiB2 and ZrB2 diffusion barriers in GaAs Ohmic contact technology. In: Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films. 1985 ; Vol. 3, No. 6. pp. 2255 - 2258.
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abstract = "The transition metal diboride compounds, ZrB2 and TiB2, interposed between Ni/Ge/Au Ohmic contact metallization on n‐type GaAs wafers and an overlying thick Au contact layer, have been investigated to evaluate their effectiveness in stabilizing the Ohmic contact by limiting the in‐diffusion of Au. All of the metal layers were e‐beam deposited except the ZrB2 which was rf‐diode sputtered. The barrier layer thicknesses were 50 and 100 nm for the TiB2 and the ZrB2, respectively. Postdeposition alloying of the contacts was performed at 400, 425, or 450 °C. Auger electron spectroscopy depth profiling of the resultant Ohmic contacts demonstrates that the barrier layers effectively preclude penetration of Au to the Ohmic contact structure. Specific contact resistivities for such contacts are in the low 10−7 Ω cm2 range; although some degradation of the contact resistivity is observed after long term annealing, the values of resistivities do not exceed 1.5×10−6 Ω cm2 after 92 h at 350 °C.",
author = "Joel Shappirio and John Finnegan and R. Lux and D. Fox and J. Kwiatkowski and Hannu Kattelus and Marc Nicolet",
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Shappirio, J, Finnegan, J, Lux, R, Fox, D, Kwiatkowski, J, Kattelus, H & Nicolet, M 1985, 'TiB2 and ZrB2 diffusion barriers in GaAs Ohmic contact technology', Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 2255 - 2258. https://doi.org/10.1116/1.572902

TiB2 and ZrB2 diffusion barriers in GaAs Ohmic contact technology. / Shappirio, Joel; Finnegan, John; Lux, R.; Fox, D.; Kwiatkowski, J.; Kattelus, Hannu; Nicolet, Marc.

In: Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films, Vol. 3, No. 6, 1985, p. 2255 - 2258.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Shappirio, Joel

AU - Finnegan, John

AU - Lux, R.

AU - Fox, D.

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AU - Kattelus, Hannu

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AB - The transition metal diboride compounds, ZrB2 and TiB2, interposed between Ni/Ge/Au Ohmic contact metallization on n‐type GaAs wafers and an overlying thick Au contact layer, have been investigated to evaluate their effectiveness in stabilizing the Ohmic contact by limiting the in‐diffusion of Au. All of the metal layers were e‐beam deposited except the ZrB2 which was rf‐diode sputtered. The barrier layer thicknesses were 50 and 100 nm for the TiB2 and the ZrB2, respectively. Postdeposition alloying of the contacts was performed at 400, 425, or 450 °C. Auger electron spectroscopy depth profiling of the resultant Ohmic contacts demonstrates that the barrier layers effectively preclude penetration of Au to the Ohmic contact structure. Specific contact resistivities for such contacts are in the low 10−7 Ω cm2 range; although some degradation of the contact resistivity is observed after long term annealing, the values of resistivities do not exceed 1.5×10−6 Ω cm2 after 92 h at 350 °C.

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