Top-down approaches for sharing GHG emission reductions

Uncertainties and sensitivities in the 27 European Union Member States

L. Saikku (Corresponding Author), Sampo Soimakallio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To reduce GHG emissions, the 27 European Union Member States committed themselves in 2007 to reduce emissions from 1990 levels by 20% by 2020. In January 2008, the EU Commission gave the first country-specific proposals to reduce emissions in sectors outside the EU emission trading system (non-ETS). In this study, we looked at several ways of sharing emission reductions in the non-ETS sector. We considered population and economic growth as significant drivers of the development of emissions. In particular, we analyzed development in GHG intensity of economies. Reduction requirements vary greatly among countries depending on the principle of effort sharing. The results of our calculations can be perceived as examples of how effort sharing between the EU Member States could look like when certain assumptions are made. Generally they illustrate the sensitivity of the results to data used, assumptions made, and method applied. The main strength of simple top-down approaches is transparency. A major weakness is a very limited ability to consider national circumstances. Political negotiations are ultimately crucial; an analysis like this provides material for negotiations and makes a contribution to solving the effort-sharing problem. As future development is partly unpredictable, implementation of some kind of subsequent adjustment could be considered during the process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)723-734
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Science and Policy
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

top-down approach
European Union
uncertainty
EU
political negotiation
emissions trading
transparency
EU member state
economic growth
population growth
driver
emission reduction
economy
ability

Keywords

  • Effort sharing
  • EU27
  • GHG emissions
  • GHG intensity of economy
  • Top-down approach

Cite this

@article{c5e30503e7a24df9ba4dcb632ea8e334,
title = "Top-down approaches for sharing GHG emission reductions: Uncertainties and sensitivities in the 27 European Union Member States",
abstract = "To reduce GHG emissions, the 27 European Union Member States committed themselves in 2007 to reduce emissions from 1990 levels by 20{\%} by 2020. In January 2008, the EU Commission gave the first country-specific proposals to reduce emissions in sectors outside the EU emission trading system (non-ETS). In this study, we looked at several ways of sharing emission reductions in the non-ETS sector. We considered population and economic growth as significant drivers of the development of emissions. In particular, we analyzed development in GHG intensity of economies. Reduction requirements vary greatly among countries depending on the principle of effort sharing. The results of our calculations can be perceived as examples of how effort sharing between the EU Member States could look like when certain assumptions are made. Generally they illustrate the sensitivity of the results to data used, assumptions made, and method applied. The main strength of simple top-down approaches is transparency. A major weakness is a very limited ability to consider national circumstances. Political negotiations are ultimately crucial; an analysis like this provides material for negotiations and makes a contribution to solving the effort-sharing problem. As future development is partly unpredictable, implementation of some kind of subsequent adjustment could be considered during the process.",
keywords = "Effort sharing, EU27, GHG emissions, GHG intensity of economy, Top-down approach",
author = "L. Saikku and Sampo Soimakallio",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1016/j.envsci.2008.07.002",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "723--734",
journal = "Environmental Science and Policy",
issn = "1462-9011",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "8",

}

Top-down approaches for sharing GHG emission reductions : Uncertainties and sensitivities in the 27 European Union Member States. / Saikku, L. (Corresponding Author); Soimakallio, Sampo.

In: Environmental Science and Policy, Vol. 11, No. 8, 2008, p. 723-734.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Top-down approaches for sharing GHG emission reductions

T2 - Uncertainties and sensitivities in the 27 European Union Member States

AU - Saikku, L.

AU - Soimakallio, Sampo

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - To reduce GHG emissions, the 27 European Union Member States committed themselves in 2007 to reduce emissions from 1990 levels by 20% by 2020. In January 2008, the EU Commission gave the first country-specific proposals to reduce emissions in sectors outside the EU emission trading system (non-ETS). In this study, we looked at several ways of sharing emission reductions in the non-ETS sector. We considered population and economic growth as significant drivers of the development of emissions. In particular, we analyzed development in GHG intensity of economies. Reduction requirements vary greatly among countries depending on the principle of effort sharing. The results of our calculations can be perceived as examples of how effort sharing between the EU Member States could look like when certain assumptions are made. Generally they illustrate the sensitivity of the results to data used, assumptions made, and method applied. The main strength of simple top-down approaches is transparency. A major weakness is a very limited ability to consider national circumstances. Political negotiations are ultimately crucial; an analysis like this provides material for negotiations and makes a contribution to solving the effort-sharing problem. As future development is partly unpredictable, implementation of some kind of subsequent adjustment could be considered during the process.

AB - To reduce GHG emissions, the 27 European Union Member States committed themselves in 2007 to reduce emissions from 1990 levels by 20% by 2020. In January 2008, the EU Commission gave the first country-specific proposals to reduce emissions in sectors outside the EU emission trading system (non-ETS). In this study, we looked at several ways of sharing emission reductions in the non-ETS sector. We considered population and economic growth as significant drivers of the development of emissions. In particular, we analyzed development in GHG intensity of economies. Reduction requirements vary greatly among countries depending on the principle of effort sharing. The results of our calculations can be perceived as examples of how effort sharing between the EU Member States could look like when certain assumptions are made. Generally they illustrate the sensitivity of the results to data used, assumptions made, and method applied. The main strength of simple top-down approaches is transparency. A major weakness is a very limited ability to consider national circumstances. Political negotiations are ultimately crucial; an analysis like this provides material for negotiations and makes a contribution to solving the effort-sharing problem. As future development is partly unpredictable, implementation of some kind of subsequent adjustment could be considered during the process.

KW - Effort sharing

KW - EU27

KW - GHG emissions

KW - GHG intensity of economy

KW - Top-down approach

U2 - 10.1016/j.envsci.2008.07.002

DO - 10.1016/j.envsci.2008.07.002

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 723

EP - 734

JO - Environmental Science and Policy

JF - Environmental Science and Policy

SN - 1462-9011

IS - 8

ER -