Topological controls on the dissolution kinetics of glassy aluminosilicates

Tandre Oey, Aditya Kumar, Isabella Pignatelli, Yingtian Yu, Narayanan Neithalath, Jeffrey Bullard, Mathieu Bauchy, Gaurav Sant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


Fly ash which encompasses a mixture of glassy and crystalline aluminosilicates is an abundant supplementary cementitious material (SCM), valuable for replacing ordinary portland cement (OPC) in the binder fraction in concrete. Because higher OPC replacement levels are desired, it is critically important to better understand and quantify fly ash reactivity. By combining molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and vertical scanning interferometry (VSI), this study establishes that the reactivity of the glassy fractions in a fly ash with water (i.e., their aqueous dissolution rate) is controlled by the number of constraints placed on atoms within the disordered aluminosilicate network. More precisely, an Arrhenius‐like dependence of dissolution rates on the atomic network topology is observed. Such topological controls on fly ash reactivity are highlighted for a range of U.S. commercial fly ashes spanning CaO‐enriched and SiO2‐enriched compositions. The structure‐property relationships reported herein establish an improved framework to control and estimate fly ash‐cement interactions in concrete.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5521-5527
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • dissolution
  • fly ash
  • glass
  • reactivity
  • topological constraint theory


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