Topologically-imposed vacancies and mobile solid 3He on carbon nanotube

I Todoshchenko (Corresponding Author), M Kamada, J P Kaikkonen, Y Liao, A Savin, M Will, E Sergeicheva, T S Abhilash, E Kauppinen, P J Hakonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Low dimensional fermionic quantum systems are exceptionally interesting because they reveal distinctive physical phenomena, including among others, topologically protected excitations, edge states, frustration, and fractionalization. Our aim was to confine 3He on a suspended carbon nanotube to form 2-dimensional Fermi-system. Here we report our measurements of the mechanical resonance of the nanotube with adsorbed sub-monolayer down to 10 mK. At intermediate coverages we have observed the famous 1/3 commensurate solid. However, at larger monolayer densities we have observed a quantum phase transition from 1/3 solid to an unknown, soft, and mobile solid phase. We interpret this mobile solid phase as a bosonic commensurate crystal consisting of helium dimers with topologically-induced zero-point vacancies which are delocalized at low temperatures. We thus demonstrate that 3He on a nanotube merges both fermionic and bosonic phenomena, with a quantum phase transition between fermionic solid 1/3 phase and the observed bosonic dimer solid.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5873
JournalNature Communications
Issue number572
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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