Towards eye-safe standoff Raman imaging systems

Martin Glimtoft, Petra Bååth, Heikki Saari, Jussi Mäkynen, Antti Näsilä, Henric Östmark

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Standoff Raman imaging systems have shown the ability to detect single explosives particles. However, in many cases, the laser intensities needed restrict the applications where they can be safely used. A new generation imaging Raman system has been developed based on a 355 nm UV laser that, in addition to eye safety, allows discrete and invisible measurements. Non-dangerous exposure levels for the eye are several orders of magnitude higher in UVA than in the visible range that previously has been used. The UV Raman system has been built based on an UV Fabry-Perot Interferometer (UV-FPI) developed by VTT. The design allows for precise selection of Raman shifts in combination with high out-of-band blocking. The stable operation of the UV-FPI module under varying environmental conditions is arranged by controlling the temperature of the module and using a closed loop control of the FPI air gap based on capacitive measurement. The system presented consists of a 3rd harmonics Nd:YAG laser with 1.5 W average output at 1000 Hz, a 200 mm Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope, UV-FPI filter and an ICCD camera for signal gating and detection. The design principal leads to a Raman spectrum in each image pixel. The system is designed for field use and easy manoeuvring. Preliminary results show that in measurements of <60 s on 10 m distance, single AN particles of <300 μm diameter can be identified.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE
    Subtitle of host publicationVolume 9072, Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XIX, 2014
    PublisherInternational Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE
    Number of pages11
    Volume9072
    ISBN (Print)978-1-6284-1009-9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventSPIE Defense + Security - Baltimore, Maryland, United States
    Duration: 5 May 20149 May 2014

    Publication series

    SeriesProceedings of SPIE
    Volume9072
    ISSN0277-786X

    Conference

    ConferenceSPIE Defense + Security
    CountryUnited States
    CityBaltimore, Maryland
    Period5/05/149/05/14

    Fingerprint

    Fabry-Perot interferometers
    modules
    ultraviolet lasers
    YAG lasers
    safety
    pixels
    cameras
    telescopes
    Raman spectra
    harmonics
    filters
    output
    shift
    air
    lasers
    temperature

    Keywords

    • hyperspectral sensors
    • Raman imaging
    • Fabry-Perot interferometer
    • Piezo actuators

    Cite this

    Glimtoft, M., Bååth, P., Saari, H., Mäkynen, J., Näsilä, A., & Östmark, H. (2014). Towards eye-safe standoff Raman imaging systems. In Proceedings of SPIE: Volume 9072, Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XIX, 2014 (Vol. 9072). International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.. 9072 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2049676
    Glimtoft, Martin ; Bååth, Petra ; Saari, Heikki ; Mäkynen, Jussi ; Näsilä, Antti ; Östmark, Henric. / Towards eye-safe standoff Raman imaging systems. Proceedings of SPIE: Volume 9072, Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XIX, 2014. Vol. 9072 International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2014. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9072).
    @inproceedings{df7f5bf232194a8c8e4c6a4c6ba6dfca,
    title = "Towards eye-safe standoff Raman imaging systems",
    abstract = "Standoff Raman imaging systems have shown the ability to detect single explosives particles. However, in many cases, the laser intensities needed restrict the applications where they can be safely used. A new generation imaging Raman system has been developed based on a 355 nm UV laser that, in addition to eye safety, allows discrete and invisible measurements. Non-dangerous exposure levels for the eye are several orders of magnitude higher in UVA than in the visible range that previously has been used. The UV Raman system has been built based on an UV Fabry-Perot Interferometer (UV-FPI) developed by VTT. The design allows for precise selection of Raman shifts in combination with high out-of-band blocking. The stable operation of the UV-FPI module under varying environmental conditions is arranged by controlling the temperature of the module and using a closed loop control of the FPI air gap based on capacitive measurement. The system presented consists of a 3rd harmonics Nd:YAG laser with 1.5 W average output at 1000 Hz, a 200 mm Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope, UV-FPI filter and an ICCD camera for signal gating and detection. The design principal leads to a Raman spectrum in each image pixel. The system is designed for field use and easy manoeuvring. Preliminary results show that in measurements of <60 s on 10 m distance, single AN particles of <300 μm diameter can be identified.",
    keywords = "hyperspectral sensors, Raman imaging, Fabry-Perot interferometer, Piezo actuators",
    author = "Martin Glimtoft and Petra B{\aa}{\aa}th and Heikki Saari and Jussi M{\"a}kynen and Antti N{\"a}sil{\"a} and Henric {\"O}stmark",
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    Glimtoft, M, Bååth, P, Saari, H, Mäkynen, J, Näsilä, A & Östmark, H 2014, Towards eye-safe standoff Raman imaging systems. in Proceedings of SPIE: Volume 9072, Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XIX, 2014. vol. 9072, International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 9072, SPIE Defense + Security, Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 5/05/14. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2049676

    Towards eye-safe standoff Raman imaging systems. / Glimtoft, Martin; Bååth, Petra; Saari, Heikki; Mäkynen, Jussi; Näsilä, Antti; Östmark, Henric.

    Proceedings of SPIE: Volume 9072, Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XIX, 2014. Vol. 9072 International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2014. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9072).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Glimtoft, Martin

    AU - Bååth, Petra

    AU - Saari, Heikki

    AU - Mäkynen, Jussi

    AU - Näsilä, Antti

    AU - Östmark, Henric

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    N2 - Standoff Raman imaging systems have shown the ability to detect single explosives particles. However, in many cases, the laser intensities needed restrict the applications where they can be safely used. A new generation imaging Raman system has been developed based on a 355 nm UV laser that, in addition to eye safety, allows discrete and invisible measurements. Non-dangerous exposure levels for the eye are several orders of magnitude higher in UVA than in the visible range that previously has been used. The UV Raman system has been built based on an UV Fabry-Perot Interferometer (UV-FPI) developed by VTT. The design allows for precise selection of Raman shifts in combination with high out-of-band blocking. The stable operation of the UV-FPI module under varying environmental conditions is arranged by controlling the temperature of the module and using a closed loop control of the FPI air gap based on capacitive measurement. The system presented consists of a 3rd harmonics Nd:YAG laser with 1.5 W average output at 1000 Hz, a 200 mm Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope, UV-FPI filter and an ICCD camera for signal gating and detection. The design principal leads to a Raman spectrum in each image pixel. The system is designed for field use and easy manoeuvring. Preliminary results show that in measurements of <60 s on 10 m distance, single AN particles of <300 μm diameter can be identified.

    AB - Standoff Raman imaging systems have shown the ability to detect single explosives particles. However, in many cases, the laser intensities needed restrict the applications where they can be safely used. A new generation imaging Raman system has been developed based on a 355 nm UV laser that, in addition to eye safety, allows discrete and invisible measurements. Non-dangerous exposure levels for the eye are several orders of magnitude higher in UVA than in the visible range that previously has been used. The UV Raman system has been built based on an UV Fabry-Perot Interferometer (UV-FPI) developed by VTT. The design allows for precise selection of Raman shifts in combination with high out-of-band blocking. The stable operation of the UV-FPI module under varying environmental conditions is arranged by controlling the temperature of the module and using a closed loop control of the FPI air gap based on capacitive measurement. The system presented consists of a 3rd harmonics Nd:YAG laser with 1.5 W average output at 1000 Hz, a 200 mm Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope, UV-FPI filter and an ICCD camera for signal gating and detection. The design principal leads to a Raman spectrum in each image pixel. The system is designed for field use and easy manoeuvring. Preliminary results show that in measurements of <60 s on 10 m distance, single AN particles of <300 μm diameter can be identified.

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    KW - Piezo actuators

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    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    SN - 978-1-6284-1009-9

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    Glimtoft M, Bååth P, Saari H, Mäkynen J, Näsilä A, Östmark H. Towards eye-safe standoff Raman imaging systems. In Proceedings of SPIE: Volume 9072, Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XIX, 2014. Vol. 9072. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. 2014. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9072). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2049676