Towards long-term foresight for transport: Envisioning the Finnish transport system in 2100

Heidi Auvinen, Anu Tuominen, Toni Ahlqvist

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)


    Purpose - This paper aims to introduce a process for constructing long-term visions of the transport system. The vision building process is demonstrated by creating a concise test vision of the Finnish transport system in 2100. Design/methodology/approach - The vision building process combines four futures methods that support the long-term foresight approach: transition management, PESTE analysis, the futures table and the Delphi method. The process is validated with a test vision. Findings - A three-step vision building process for long-term transport system visions is structured. The three consecutive steps of the process are environmental scanning, constructing futures tables and visions, and describing visions. In addition, a demonstrative test vision is created to describe a possible future transport system in 2100 in a metropolitan Finland. The successful application of the developed method supports further work on creating full-scale strategy-driven visions. Originality/value - Futures studies analyzing transport systems and infrastructures tend to focus on short- to medium-term perspectives. This paper presents a unique method for constructing alternative long-term visions as far as 50 to 100 years into the future
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)191-206
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Innovation policy
    • roadmapping
    • systemicity
    • forward-looking policy design
    • foresight
    • socio-technical transformation


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