Towards maritime traffic coordination in the era of intelligent ships: a systems theoretic study

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Coordination of maritime traffic has developed over centuries with the main purpose of decreasing collisions and groundings of vessels. It has evolved from rudimentary measures, such as lighthouses, into an increasingly digitized setting with technologies like satellite positioning services and traffic coordination systems, such as the Automatic Identification System (AIS). In the future, increasingly intelligent shipping practices are expected to set further requirements not only for the ships themselves, but also for the coordination systems in maritime transport. Advanced and reliable coordination is especially seen as a key enabler for remote operated and autonomous ships.

The introduction of autonomous and unmanned smart ships is likely to be gradual, and coordination techniques of different technology levels are likely to co-exist in the maritime setting for an unforeseen period: there will be highly connected intelligent vessels and those applying very basic means of perception and communication. Based on the Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Processes (STAMP) approach, as well as the related STPA hazard analysis methodology, this paper presents a control structure of maritime traffic coordination as it is now, and provides an overview of STPA hazard analysis performed on the system. It also discusses changes foreseen in the structure due to changing means of coordination in the future, providing basis for better understanding of the risks and opportunities. Additionally, the paper provides insights on applicability of STPA on a new application area of maritime traffic coordination.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Seminar on Safety and Security of Autonomous Vessels (ISSAV) and European STAMP Workshop and Conference (ESWC) 2019
EditorsOsiris Alejandro Valdez Banda, Pentti Kujala, Spyros Hidaris, Sunil Basnet
PublisherSciendo
Pages243-248
ISBN (Electronic)978-83-956696-0-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2020
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Seminar on Safety and Security of Autonomous Vessels (ISSAV) and European STAMP Workshop and Conference (ESWC) 2019 - Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 17 Sep 201920 Sep 2019

Conference

ConferenceInternational Seminar on Safety and Security of Autonomous Vessels (ISSAV) and European STAMP Workshop and Conference (ESWC) 2019
Abbreviated titleISSAV-ESWC 2019
CountryFinland
CityHelsinki
Period17/09/1920/09/19

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Keywords

  • maritime traffic coordination
  • technology levels
  • STAMP
  • STPA

Cite this

Heikkilä, E., Wahlström, M., & Granholm, G. (2020). Towards maritime traffic coordination in the era of intelligent ships: a systems theoretic study. In O. A. Valdez Banda, P. Kujala, S. Hidaris, & S. Basnet (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Seminar on Safety and Security of Autonomous Vessels (ISSAV) and European STAMP Workshop and Conference (ESWC) 2019 (pp. 243-248). Sciendo. https://doi.org/10.2478/9788395669606-020