Towards model validation: Virtual model of a large diesel engine

Lasse Lamula, Kari Saarinen, Pekka Rahkola, Matias Aura, Zengxin Gao, Ari Karjalainen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

    Abstract

    A vibro-acoustic model of a diesel engine includes excitations, structural model and model of sound radiation. Valve train and power train excitations are mainly defined using multi-body dynamics. Cylinder pressure is relatively easy to measure but can also be modelled as well as the excitations generated by turbo charger. Structural model is typically FEM-based and utilizes sub-structuring. Several simulation methods are available for the estimation of sound radiation but only a few are usable with large diesel engines. Measurement of valve train and power train excitations is complicated if only a running engine is available. In this paper a test engine which included only the valve train excitations was used. Force measurements from the push rod and from the valve stem were performed and the results were compared with simulation results. The validation of a structural model includes modal analysis of components and various vibration measurements of structures. Structural modes of small and stiff components can be measured up to several kHz but for example the modes of a large engine block are measurable only up to a few hundred Hz. Higher frequencies can be "statistically" validated using FRF-measurements. Measured data can also be used to analyse the modelling strategy of joints, which is one problematic topic of the structural model. Sound radiation is validated using sound intensity method. A reliable estimate of the total Aweighted sound power level of the engine assembly is achievable. More or less valid subarea sound power estimates are typical results of the analysis. Perpendicular mean quadratic velocity of the engine surface can be used to validate the simulation results at high frequencies. One important issue is the validation of the material models and parameters. Especially this concerns temperature and frequency dependent properties of visco-elastic materials which are derived by utilizing the results of Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis (DMTA).
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication18th International congress on sound and vibration 2011, ICSV 18
    Subtitle of host publicationProceedings
    PublisherInternational Institute of Acoustics and Vibration IIAV
    ISBN (Print)9781618392596, 9788563243010 (CD)
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
    Event18th International Congress on Sound & Vibration, ICSV18 - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Duration: 10 Jul 201114 Jul 2011

    Conference

    Conference18th International Congress on Sound & Vibration, ICSV18
    Abbreviated titleICSV18
    CountryBrazil
    CityRio de Janeiro
    Period10/07/1114/07/11

    Fingerprint

    Diesel engines
    Acoustic waves
    Engines
    Radiation
    Acoustic intensity
    Vibration measurement
    Force measurement
    Modal analysis
    Engine cylinders
    Thermoanalysis
    Acoustics
    Finite element method
    Temperature

    Keywords

    • Noise
    • vibration
    • viscoelastic materials
    • FE-analysis

    Cite this

    Lamula, L., Saarinen, K., Rahkola, P., Aura, M., Gao, Z., & Karjalainen, A. (2011). Towards model validation: Virtual model of a large diesel engine. In 18th International congress on sound and vibration 2011, ICSV 18: Proceedings International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration IIAV.
    Lamula, Lasse ; Saarinen, Kari ; Rahkola, Pekka ; Aura, Matias ; Gao, Zengxin ; Karjalainen, Ari. / Towards model validation : Virtual model of a large diesel engine. 18th International congress on sound and vibration 2011, ICSV 18: Proceedings. International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration IIAV, 2011.
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    abstract = "A vibro-acoustic model of a diesel engine includes excitations, structural model and model of sound radiation. Valve train and power train excitations are mainly defined using multi-body dynamics. Cylinder pressure is relatively easy to measure but can also be modelled as well as the excitations generated by turbo charger. Structural model is typically FEM-based and utilizes sub-structuring. Several simulation methods are available for the estimation of sound radiation but only a few are usable with large diesel engines. Measurement of valve train and power train excitations is complicated if only a running engine is available. In this paper a test engine which included only the valve train excitations was used. Force measurements from the push rod and from the valve stem were performed and the results were compared with simulation results. The validation of a structural model includes modal analysis of components and various vibration measurements of structures. Structural modes of small and stiff components can be measured up to several kHz but for example the modes of a large engine block are measurable only up to a few hundred Hz. Higher frequencies can be {"}statistically{"} validated using FRF-measurements. Measured data can also be used to analyse the modelling strategy of joints, which is one problematic topic of the structural model. Sound radiation is validated using sound intensity method. A reliable estimate of the total Aweighted sound power level of the engine assembly is achievable. More or less valid subarea sound power estimates are typical results of the analysis. Perpendicular mean quadratic velocity of the engine surface can be used to validate the simulation results at high frequencies. One important issue is the validation of the material models and parameters. Especially this concerns temperature and frequency dependent properties of visco-elastic materials which are derived by utilizing the results of Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis (DMTA).",
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    author = "Lasse Lamula and Kari Saarinen and Pekka Rahkola and Matias Aura and Zengxin Gao and Ari Karjalainen",
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    Lamula, L, Saarinen, K, Rahkola, P, Aura, M, Gao, Z & Karjalainen, A 2011, Towards model validation: Virtual model of a large diesel engine. in 18th International congress on sound and vibration 2011, ICSV 18: Proceedings. International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration IIAV, 18th International Congress on Sound & Vibration, ICSV18, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 10/07/11.

    Towards model validation : Virtual model of a large diesel engine. / Lamula, Lasse; Saarinen, Kari; Rahkola, Pekka; Aura, Matias; Gao, Zengxin; Karjalainen, Ari.

    18th International congress on sound and vibration 2011, ICSV 18: Proceedings. International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration IIAV, 2011.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

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    AU - Lamula, Lasse

    AU - Saarinen, Kari

    AU - Rahkola, Pekka

    AU - Aura, Matias

    AU - Gao, Zengxin

    AU - Karjalainen, Ari

    N1 - Project code: 71902

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    N2 - A vibro-acoustic model of a diesel engine includes excitations, structural model and model of sound radiation. Valve train and power train excitations are mainly defined using multi-body dynamics. Cylinder pressure is relatively easy to measure but can also be modelled as well as the excitations generated by turbo charger. Structural model is typically FEM-based and utilizes sub-structuring. Several simulation methods are available for the estimation of sound radiation but only a few are usable with large diesel engines. Measurement of valve train and power train excitations is complicated if only a running engine is available. In this paper a test engine which included only the valve train excitations was used. Force measurements from the push rod and from the valve stem were performed and the results were compared with simulation results. The validation of a structural model includes modal analysis of components and various vibration measurements of structures. Structural modes of small and stiff components can be measured up to several kHz but for example the modes of a large engine block are measurable only up to a few hundred Hz. Higher frequencies can be "statistically" validated using FRF-measurements. Measured data can also be used to analyse the modelling strategy of joints, which is one problematic topic of the structural model. Sound radiation is validated using sound intensity method. A reliable estimate of the total Aweighted sound power level of the engine assembly is achievable. More or less valid subarea sound power estimates are typical results of the analysis. Perpendicular mean quadratic velocity of the engine surface can be used to validate the simulation results at high frequencies. One important issue is the validation of the material models and parameters. Especially this concerns temperature and frequency dependent properties of visco-elastic materials which are derived by utilizing the results of Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis (DMTA).

    AB - A vibro-acoustic model of a diesel engine includes excitations, structural model and model of sound radiation. Valve train and power train excitations are mainly defined using multi-body dynamics. Cylinder pressure is relatively easy to measure but can also be modelled as well as the excitations generated by turbo charger. Structural model is typically FEM-based and utilizes sub-structuring. Several simulation methods are available for the estimation of sound radiation but only a few are usable with large diesel engines. Measurement of valve train and power train excitations is complicated if only a running engine is available. In this paper a test engine which included only the valve train excitations was used. Force measurements from the push rod and from the valve stem were performed and the results were compared with simulation results. The validation of a structural model includes modal analysis of components and various vibration measurements of structures. Structural modes of small and stiff components can be measured up to several kHz but for example the modes of a large engine block are measurable only up to a few hundred Hz. Higher frequencies can be "statistically" validated using FRF-measurements. Measured data can also be used to analyse the modelling strategy of joints, which is one problematic topic of the structural model. Sound radiation is validated using sound intensity method. A reliable estimate of the total Aweighted sound power level of the engine assembly is achievable. More or less valid subarea sound power estimates are typical results of the analysis. Perpendicular mean quadratic velocity of the engine surface can be used to validate the simulation results at high frequencies. One important issue is the validation of the material models and parameters. Especially this concerns temperature and frequency dependent properties of visco-elastic materials which are derived by utilizing the results of Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis (DMTA).

    KW - Noise

    KW - vibration

    KW - viscoelastic materials

    KW - FE-analysis

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    SN - 9781618392596

    SN - 9788563243010 (CD)

    BT - 18th International congress on sound and vibration 2011, ICSV 18

    PB - International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration IIAV

    ER -

    Lamula L, Saarinen K, Rahkola P, Aura M, Gao Z, Karjalainen A. Towards model validation: Virtual model of a large diesel engine. In 18th International congress on sound and vibration 2011, ICSV 18: Proceedings. International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration IIAV. 2011