Towards model validation: Virtual model of a large diesel engine

Lasse Lamula, Kari Saarinen, Pekka Rahkola, Matias Aura, Zengxin Gao, Ari Karjalainen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

A vibro-acoustic model of a diesel engine includes excitations, structural model and model of sound radiation. Valve train and power train excitations are mainly defined using multi-body dynamics. Cylinder pressure is relatively easy to measure but can also be modelled as well as the excitations generated by turbo charger. Structural model is typically FEM-based and utilizes sub-structuring. Several simulation methods are available for the estimation of sound radiation but only a few are usable with large diesel engines. Measurement of valve train and power train excitations is complicated if only a running engine is available. In this paper a test engine which included only the valve train excitations was used. Force measurements from the push rod and from the valve stem were performed and the results were compared with simulation results. The validation of a structural model includes modal analysis of components and various vibration measurements of structures. Structural modes of small and stiff components can be measured up to several kHz but for example the modes of a large engine block are measurable only up to a few hundred Hz. Higher frequencies can be "statistically" validated using FRF-measurements. Measured data can also be used to analyse the modelling strategy of joints, which is one problematic topic of the structural model. Sound radiation is validated using sound intensity method. A reliable estimate of the total Aweighted sound power level of the engine assembly is achievable. More or less valid subarea sound power estimates are typical results of the analysis. Perpendicular mean quadratic velocity of the engine surface can be used to validate the simulation results at high frequencies. One important issue is the validation of the material models and parameters. Especially this concerns temperature and frequency dependent properties of visco-elastic materials which are derived by utilizing the results of Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis (DMTA).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication18th International congress on sound and vibration 2011, ICSV 18
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings
PublisherInternational Institute of Acoustics and Vibration IIAV
ISBN (Print)9781618392596, 9788563243010 (CD)
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
Event18th International Congress on Sound & Vibration, ICSV18 - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Duration: 10 Jul 201114 Jul 2011

Conference

Conference18th International Congress on Sound & Vibration, ICSV18
Abbreviated titleICSV18
CountryBrazil
CityRio de Janeiro
Period10/07/1114/07/11

Fingerprint

Diesel engines
Acoustic waves
Engines
Radiation
Acoustic intensity
Vibration measurement
Force measurement
Modal analysis
Engine cylinders
Thermoanalysis
Acoustics
Finite element method
Temperature

Keywords

  • Noise
  • vibration
  • viscoelastic materials
  • FE-analysis

Cite this

Lamula, L., Saarinen, K., Rahkola, P., Aura, M., Gao, Z., & Karjalainen, A. (2011). Towards model validation: Virtual model of a large diesel engine. In 18th International congress on sound and vibration 2011, ICSV 18: Proceedings International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration IIAV.
Lamula, Lasse ; Saarinen, Kari ; Rahkola, Pekka ; Aura, Matias ; Gao, Zengxin ; Karjalainen, Ari. / Towards model validation : Virtual model of a large diesel engine. 18th International congress on sound and vibration 2011, ICSV 18: Proceedings. International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration IIAV, 2011.
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abstract = "A vibro-acoustic model of a diesel engine includes excitations, structural model and model of sound radiation. Valve train and power train excitations are mainly defined using multi-body dynamics. Cylinder pressure is relatively easy to measure but can also be modelled as well as the excitations generated by turbo charger. Structural model is typically FEM-based and utilizes sub-structuring. Several simulation methods are available for the estimation of sound radiation but only a few are usable with large diesel engines. Measurement of valve train and power train excitations is complicated if only a running engine is available. In this paper a test engine which included only the valve train excitations was used. Force measurements from the push rod and from the valve stem were performed and the results were compared with simulation results. The validation of a structural model includes modal analysis of components and various vibration measurements of structures. Structural modes of small and stiff components can be measured up to several kHz but for example the modes of a large engine block are measurable only up to a few hundred Hz. Higher frequencies can be {"}statistically{"} validated using FRF-measurements. Measured data can also be used to analyse the modelling strategy of joints, which is one problematic topic of the structural model. Sound radiation is validated using sound intensity method. A reliable estimate of the total Aweighted sound power level of the engine assembly is achievable. More or less valid subarea sound power estimates are typical results of the analysis. Perpendicular mean quadratic velocity of the engine surface can be used to validate the simulation results at high frequencies. One important issue is the validation of the material models and parameters. Especially this concerns temperature and frequency dependent properties of visco-elastic materials which are derived by utilizing the results of Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis (DMTA).",
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Lamula, L, Saarinen, K, Rahkola, P, Aura, M, Gao, Z & Karjalainen, A 2011, Towards model validation: Virtual model of a large diesel engine. in 18th International congress on sound and vibration 2011, ICSV 18: Proceedings. International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration IIAV, 18th International Congress on Sound & Vibration, ICSV18, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 10/07/11.

Towards model validation : Virtual model of a large diesel engine. / Lamula, Lasse; Saarinen, Kari; Rahkola, Pekka; Aura, Matias; Gao, Zengxin; Karjalainen, Ari.

18th International congress on sound and vibration 2011, ICSV 18: Proceedings. International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration IIAV, 2011.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

TY - GEN

T1 - Towards model validation

T2 - Virtual model of a large diesel engine

AU - Lamula, Lasse

AU - Saarinen, Kari

AU - Rahkola, Pekka

AU - Aura, Matias

AU - Gao, Zengxin

AU - Karjalainen, Ari

N1 - Project code: 71902

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - A vibro-acoustic model of a diesel engine includes excitations, structural model and model of sound radiation. Valve train and power train excitations are mainly defined using multi-body dynamics. Cylinder pressure is relatively easy to measure but can also be modelled as well as the excitations generated by turbo charger. Structural model is typically FEM-based and utilizes sub-structuring. Several simulation methods are available for the estimation of sound radiation but only a few are usable with large diesel engines. Measurement of valve train and power train excitations is complicated if only a running engine is available. In this paper a test engine which included only the valve train excitations was used. Force measurements from the push rod and from the valve stem were performed and the results were compared with simulation results. The validation of a structural model includes modal analysis of components and various vibration measurements of structures. Structural modes of small and stiff components can be measured up to several kHz but for example the modes of a large engine block are measurable only up to a few hundred Hz. Higher frequencies can be "statistically" validated using FRF-measurements. Measured data can also be used to analyse the modelling strategy of joints, which is one problematic topic of the structural model. Sound radiation is validated using sound intensity method. A reliable estimate of the total Aweighted sound power level of the engine assembly is achievable. More or less valid subarea sound power estimates are typical results of the analysis. Perpendicular mean quadratic velocity of the engine surface can be used to validate the simulation results at high frequencies. One important issue is the validation of the material models and parameters. Especially this concerns temperature and frequency dependent properties of visco-elastic materials which are derived by utilizing the results of Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis (DMTA).

AB - A vibro-acoustic model of a diesel engine includes excitations, structural model and model of sound radiation. Valve train and power train excitations are mainly defined using multi-body dynamics. Cylinder pressure is relatively easy to measure but can also be modelled as well as the excitations generated by turbo charger. Structural model is typically FEM-based and utilizes sub-structuring. Several simulation methods are available for the estimation of sound radiation but only a few are usable with large diesel engines. Measurement of valve train and power train excitations is complicated if only a running engine is available. In this paper a test engine which included only the valve train excitations was used. Force measurements from the push rod and from the valve stem were performed and the results were compared with simulation results. The validation of a structural model includes modal analysis of components and various vibration measurements of structures. Structural modes of small and stiff components can be measured up to several kHz but for example the modes of a large engine block are measurable only up to a few hundred Hz. Higher frequencies can be "statistically" validated using FRF-measurements. Measured data can also be used to analyse the modelling strategy of joints, which is one problematic topic of the structural model. Sound radiation is validated using sound intensity method. A reliable estimate of the total Aweighted sound power level of the engine assembly is achievable. More or less valid subarea sound power estimates are typical results of the analysis. Perpendicular mean quadratic velocity of the engine surface can be used to validate the simulation results at high frequencies. One important issue is the validation of the material models and parameters. Especially this concerns temperature and frequency dependent properties of visco-elastic materials which are derived by utilizing the results of Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis (DMTA).

KW - Noise

KW - vibration

KW - viscoelastic materials

KW - FE-analysis

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 9781618392596

SN - 9788563243010 (CD)

BT - 18th International congress on sound and vibration 2011, ICSV 18

PB - International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration IIAV

ER -

Lamula L, Saarinen K, Rahkola P, Aura M, Gao Z, Karjalainen A. Towards model validation: Virtual model of a large diesel engine. In 18th International congress on sound and vibration 2011, ICSV 18: Proceedings. International Institute of Acoustics and Vibration IIAV. 2011