Towards Urban Symbiosis of critical raw materials - a conceptual paper

Maria Antikainen, Mona Arnold, Päivi Kivikytö-Reponen, David Lazarevic

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


Regions and national economies are facing several challenges re-garding raw materials. As cities and metropolitan areas are increas-ingly becoming hubs of economic activity, they may also play a role in addressing raw material challenges. Many eco-industrial parks are not only found in industrial areas but also in urbanised areas the concept of urban symbiosis may offer viable solutions to those challenges. Urban symbiosis builds on urban and regional metabolism and industrial symbiosis, providing a concept and analytical toolkit that can serve to develop strategies to create the more efficient use and circulation of critical raw materials (CRM), enabled by the integration of different and complex systems. This paper aims to review how urban symbiosis of CRMs has been approached and defined in the prior literature and what are the closely related concepts. One of our key interest areas is to understand what kind of roles cities can have in the urban symbiosis. Based on the results, we suggest future research topics such as exploring concrete models of collaboration and new ways of joint value creation in urban symbiosis ecosystems.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Sustainable Design and Manufacturing, SDM 2022
Subtitle of host publicationSmart Innovation, Systems and Technologies
Editors Steffen Scholz, Robert Howlett, Rossi Setchi
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 14 Sep 2022
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event9th International Conference on Sustainable Design and Manufacturing, SDM-2022 - Split, Croatia
Duration: 14 Sep 202216 Sep 2022

Publication series

SeriesSmart Innovation, Systems and Technologies


Conference9th International Conference on Sustainable Design and Manufacturing, SDM-2022
Internet address


  • urban symbiosis
  • Critical raw materials
  • circular city
  • conceptual paper
  • circular economy


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