This thesis is based on four experimental spectroscopic studies where novel highly sensitive laser absorption spectroscopy spectrometers are developed and used for trace gas detection and precision spectroscopy. Most of the studies are carried out in the mid-infrared region between 3 and 4 µm, where a homebuilt continuous-wave singly resonating optical parametric oscillator is used as a light source. In addition, one study has been performed in the visible region using a commercial green laser at 532 nm. Two of the developed spectroscopic applications are based on cavity ring-down spectroscopy. In this thesis, the first off-axis re-entrant cavity ring-down spectrometer in the mid-infrared is demonstrated and utilized for highly sensitive detection of formaldehyde. The second study presents an optical frequency comb referenced mid-infrared continuous-wave singly resonating optical parametric oscillator, which is applied to high-precision cavity ring-down spectroscopy of nitrous oxide and methane. Furthermore, this study presents a new method for referencing a mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator to a near-infrared optical frequency comb. This new method allows large mode-hop-free frequency tuning ranges in the mid-infrared region. The other two experiments are based on cantilever-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy, presenting the first reported studies of cantilever-enhanced-based trace gas detection in the mid-infrared and visible region. These studies show the great potential of cantilever-enhanced photoacoustic detection for substantial enhancement of the sensitivity of trace gas detection. For instance, the best nitrogen dioxide detection limit ever reported using photoacoustic spectroscopy is presented in this thesis.
|Award date||2 Dec 2015|
|Place of Publication||Helsinki|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
|MoE publication type||G5 Doctoral dissertation (article)|