Tracheid cross-sectional dimensions in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris): distributions and comparison with Norway spruce (Picea abies)

Mikko Havimo, Juha Rikala, Jari Sirviö, Marketta Sipi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    17 Citations (Scopus)


    Cell wall thickness and tracheid radial and tangential diameter are important characteristics in papermaking. These fibre cross-sectional dimensions affect paper properties such as light scattering, and tear and tensile indexes. In the authors’ previous article, the mean values and distributions of tracheid cross-sectional dimensions were obtained for Norway spruce (Picea abies). This article characterises the cross-sectional tracheid properties of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) using exactly the same methodology as in the previous study on Norway spruce, which enables the comparison between the tree species. The distributions for Scots pine cell wall thickness and tracheid radial diameter were similar: a narrow peak due to earlywood tracheids, and a wide peak due to latewood tracheids. The tangential diameter distributions for Scots pine were very similar in both earlywood and latewood, having one wide peak. Also, the distributions in whole stem, top pulpwood and sawmill chip assortments were quite similar. The differences between Scots pine and Norway spruce tracheid cross-sectional dimensions were fairly marginal. This is at least the case when comparing large tracheid populations, in which differences tend to even out. The situation may be different on a more detailed level of observation, for example, when individual annual rings in the different tree species are compared.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)681-688
    JournalSilva Fennica
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • thickness
    • tracheids
    • Pinus sylvestris
    • kasvianatomia
    • puu
    • tangential with
    • radial width
    • mänty
    • growth rings
    • cell walls
    • trakeidit
    • ominaisuudet
    • kuusi
    • vuosilustot
    • Picea abies
    • dimensions


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