Traffic safety in the U.S.:Re-examining major opportunities

Michael Sivak (Corresponding Author), Juha Luoma, Michael, J. Flannagan, C., Raymond Bingham, David, W. Eby, Jean, T. Shope

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    37 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Introduction
    This article examines five major road-safety risk factors: exceeding posted speed limits, not using safety belts, driving while intoxicated, nighttime driving, and young drivers.

    Method
    The importance of each of these factors is documented, known effective countermeasures (both policy and technology based) are discussed, and impediments to the implementation of these countermeasures in the United States are examined.

    Results
    Based on current understanding of the five major risk factors, and of the available countermeasures, there appear to be a variety of opportunities to make substantial gains in road safety using existing knowledge. The limited implementation of a variety of known countermeasures therefore appears to be inconsistent with high-level, strategic goals to improve road safety.
    Consequently, a recommendation is made to comprehensively re-examine the balance between the countermeasures discussed in this article and economic, mobility, and privacy concerns.

    Impact on Public Safety
    Such a re-examination is likely to result in broad support for these countermeasures, with a consequent major improvement in road safety.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)337-355
    JournalJournal of Safety Research
    Volume38
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Economics

    Keywords

    • speeding
    • use of safety belts
    • drunk driving
    • nighttime driving
    • young drivers

    Cite this

    Sivak, M., Luoma, J., Flannagan, M. J., Bingham, C. . R., Eby, D. W., & Shope, J. T. (2007). Traffic safety in the U.S.:Re-examining major opportunities. Journal of Safety Research, 38(3), 337-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2007.05.003
    Sivak, Michael ; Luoma, Juha ; Flannagan, Michael, J. ; Bingham, C., Raymond ; Eby, David, W. ; Shope, Jean, T. / Traffic safety in the U.S.:Re-examining major opportunities. In: Journal of Safety Research. 2007 ; Vol. 38, No. 3. pp. 337-355.
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    abstract = "IntroductionThis article examines five major road-safety risk factors: exceeding posted speed limits, not using safety belts, driving while intoxicated, nighttime driving, and young drivers.MethodThe importance of each of these factors is documented, known effective countermeasures (both policy and technology based) are discussed, and impediments to the implementation of these countermeasures in the United States are examined.ResultsBased on current understanding of the five major risk factors, and of the available countermeasures, there appear to be a variety of opportunities to make substantial gains in road safety using existing knowledge. The limited implementation of a variety of known countermeasures therefore appears to be inconsistent with high-level, strategic goals to improve road safety. Consequently, a recommendation is made to comprehensively re-examine the balance between the countermeasures discussed in this article and economic, mobility, and privacy concerns.Impact on Public SafetySuch a re-examination is likely to result in broad support for these countermeasures, with a consequent major improvement in road safety.",
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    Sivak, M, Luoma, J, Flannagan, MJ, Bingham, CR, Eby, DW & Shope, JT 2007, 'Traffic safety in the U.S.:Re-examining major opportunities', Journal of Safety Research, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 337-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2007.05.003

    Traffic safety in the U.S.:Re-examining major opportunities. / Sivak, Michael (Corresponding Author); Luoma, Juha; Flannagan, Michael, J.; Bingham, C., Raymond; Eby, David, W.; Shope, Jean, T.

    In: Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 38, No. 3, 2007, p. 337-355.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    T1 - Traffic safety in the U.S.:Re-examining major opportunities

    AU - Sivak, Michael

    AU - Luoma, Juha

    AU - Flannagan, Michael, J.

    AU - Bingham, C., Raymond

    AU - Eby, David, W.

    AU - Shope, Jean, T.

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    N2 - IntroductionThis article examines five major road-safety risk factors: exceeding posted speed limits, not using safety belts, driving while intoxicated, nighttime driving, and young drivers.MethodThe importance of each of these factors is documented, known effective countermeasures (both policy and technology based) are discussed, and impediments to the implementation of these countermeasures in the United States are examined.ResultsBased on current understanding of the five major risk factors, and of the available countermeasures, there appear to be a variety of opportunities to make substantial gains in road safety using existing knowledge. The limited implementation of a variety of known countermeasures therefore appears to be inconsistent with high-level, strategic goals to improve road safety. Consequently, a recommendation is made to comprehensively re-examine the balance between the countermeasures discussed in this article and economic, mobility, and privacy concerns.Impact on Public SafetySuch a re-examination is likely to result in broad support for these countermeasures, with a consequent major improvement in road safety.

    AB - IntroductionThis article examines five major road-safety risk factors: exceeding posted speed limits, not using safety belts, driving while intoxicated, nighttime driving, and young drivers.MethodThe importance of each of these factors is documented, known effective countermeasures (both policy and technology based) are discussed, and impediments to the implementation of these countermeasures in the United States are examined.ResultsBased on current understanding of the five major risk factors, and of the available countermeasures, there appear to be a variety of opportunities to make substantial gains in road safety using existing knowledge. The limited implementation of a variety of known countermeasures therefore appears to be inconsistent with high-level, strategic goals to improve road safety. Consequently, a recommendation is made to comprehensively re-examine the balance between the countermeasures discussed in this article and economic, mobility, and privacy concerns.Impact on Public SafetySuch a re-examination is likely to result in broad support for these countermeasures, with a consequent major improvement in road safety.

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    Sivak M, Luoma J, Flannagan MJ, Bingham CR, Eby DW, Shope JT. Traffic safety in the U.S.:Re-examining major opportunities. Journal of Safety Research. 2007;38(3):337-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2007.05.003