Traffic safety in the U.S.:Re-examining major opportunities

Michael Sivak (Corresponding Author), Juha Luoma, Michael, J. Flannagan, C., Raymond Bingham, David, W. Eby, Jean, T. Shope

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction
This article examines five major road-safety risk factors: exceeding posted speed limits, not using safety belts, driving while intoxicated, nighttime driving, and young drivers.

Method
The importance of each of these factors is documented, known effective countermeasures (both policy and technology based) are discussed, and impediments to the implementation of these countermeasures in the United States are examined.

Results
Based on current understanding of the five major risk factors, and of the available countermeasures, there appear to be a variety of opportunities to make substantial gains in road safety using existing knowledge. The limited implementation of a variety of known countermeasures therefore appears to be inconsistent with high-level, strategic goals to improve road safety.
Consequently, a recommendation is made to comprehensively re-examine the balance between the countermeasures discussed in this article and economic, mobility, and privacy concerns.

Impact on Public Safety
Such a re-examination is likely to result in broad support for these countermeasures, with a consequent major improvement in road safety.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-355
JournalJournal of Safety Research
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Economics

Keywords

  • speeding
  • use of safety belts
  • drunk driving
  • nighttime driving
  • young drivers

Cite this

Sivak, M., Luoma, J., Flannagan, M. J., Bingham, C. . R., Eby, D. W., & Shope, J. T. (2007). Traffic safety in the U.S.:Re-examining major opportunities. Journal of Safety Research, 38(3), 337-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2007.05.003
Sivak, Michael ; Luoma, Juha ; Flannagan, Michael, J. ; Bingham, C., Raymond ; Eby, David, W. ; Shope, Jean, T. / Traffic safety in the U.S.:Re-examining major opportunities. In: Journal of Safety Research. 2007 ; Vol. 38, No. 3. pp. 337-355.
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Sivak, M, Luoma, J, Flannagan, MJ, Bingham, CR, Eby, DW & Shope, JT 2007, 'Traffic safety in the U.S.:Re-examining major opportunities', Journal of Safety Research, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 337-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2007.05.003

Traffic safety in the U.S.:Re-examining major opportunities. / Sivak, Michael (Corresponding Author); Luoma, Juha; Flannagan, Michael, J.; Bingham, C., Raymond; Eby, David, W.; Shope, Jean, T.

In: Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 38, No. 3, 2007, p. 337-355.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Traffic safety in the U.S.:Re-examining major opportunities

AU - Sivak, Michael

AU - Luoma, Juha

AU - Flannagan, Michael, J.

AU - Bingham, C., Raymond

AU - Eby, David, W.

AU - Shope, Jean, T.

PY - 2007

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AB - IntroductionThis article examines five major road-safety risk factors: exceeding posted speed limits, not using safety belts, driving while intoxicated, nighttime driving, and young drivers.MethodThe importance of each of these factors is documented, known effective countermeasures (both policy and technology based) are discussed, and impediments to the implementation of these countermeasures in the United States are examined.ResultsBased on current understanding of the five major risk factors, and of the available countermeasures, there appear to be a variety of opportunities to make substantial gains in road safety using existing knowledge. The limited implementation of a variety of known countermeasures therefore appears to be inconsistent with high-level, strategic goals to improve road safety. Consequently, a recommendation is made to comprehensively re-examine the balance between the countermeasures discussed in this article and economic, mobility, and privacy concerns.Impact on Public SafetySuch a re-examination is likely to result in broad support for these countermeasures, with a consequent major improvement in road safety.

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Sivak M, Luoma J, Flannagan MJ, Bingham CR, Eby DW, Shope JT. Traffic safety in the U.S.:Re-examining major opportunities. Journal of Safety Research. 2007;38(3):337-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2007.05.003