Transformation hardening of medium-carbon steel with a fiber laser

The influence of laser power and laser power density

Feng Qiu, Veli Kujanpää

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper investigates the effects of laser power density of a fiber laser on surface transformation hardening of two types of medium-carbon steels. An out-of-focus laser beam produced by a fiber laser system is used to produce an irradiated track on the surface of the samples. The tests use two types of medium-carbon steels with different initial microstructures, including XI5 containing ferrit and pearlite and AC16 composed of tempered martensite. The tests on X 15 show that for each laser power there is an optimum power density that produces the maximum hardness. With increased laser power, the optimal power density for both surface hardness and hardened depth is lowered. For ACI6 tests, the maximum hardness value is not found to be dependent on laser power density. Alloying elements may increase the hardened depth. Slight surface melting may facilitate the hardening process and increase the surface hardness. The hardened depth is generally increased with higher laser power and/or laser power density. Compared with other types of lasers, fiber laser is a competitive tool in hardening of medium-carbon steels.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-323
Number of pages6
JournalMechanika
Volume17
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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carbon steels
hardening
fiber lasers
radiant flux density
hardness
lasers
pearlite
martensite
high power lasers
alloying
melting
laser beams
microstructure

Cite this

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title = "Transformation hardening of medium-carbon steel with a fiber laser: The influence of laser power and laser power density",
abstract = "This paper investigates the effects of laser power density of a fiber laser on surface transformation hardening of two types of medium-carbon steels. An out-of-focus laser beam produced by a fiber laser system is used to produce an irradiated track on the surface of the samples. The tests use two types of medium-carbon steels with different initial microstructures, including XI5 containing ferrit and pearlite and AC16 composed of tempered martensite. The tests on X 15 show that for each laser power there is an optimum power density that produces the maximum hardness. With increased laser power, the optimal power density for both surface hardness and hardened depth is lowered. For ACI6 tests, the maximum hardness value is not found to be dependent on laser power density. Alloying elements may increase the hardened depth. Slight surface melting may facilitate the hardening process and increase the surface hardness. The hardened depth is generally increased with higher laser power and/or laser power density. Compared with other types of lasers, fiber laser is a competitive tool in hardening of medium-carbon steels.",
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Transformation hardening of medium-carbon steel with a fiber laser : The influence of laser power and laser power density. / Qiu, Feng; Kujanpää, Veli.

In: Mechanika, Vol. 17, No. 3, 2011, p. 318-323.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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