Transgenic rice as a novel production system for Melanocarpus and Pycnoporus laccases

Chris de Wilde, Eva Uzan, Zhongyi Zhou, Kristiina Kruus, Martina Andberg, Johanna Buchert, Eric Record, Marcel Asther, Anne Lomascolo (Corresponding Author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Laccases have numerous biotechnological applications, among them food processing. The widespread use of laccases has increased the demand for an inexpensive and safe source of recombinant enzyme. We explored the use of a rice-based system for the production of two fungal laccases derived from the ascomycete Melanocarpus albomyces and the basidiomycete Pycnoporus cinnabarinus. High-expression levels of active recombinant laccases were achieved by targeting expression to the endosperm of rice seeds. The laccase cDNAs were fused to a plant-derived signal sequence for targeting to the secretory pathway, and placed under the control of a constitutive seed-specific promoter fused to an intron for enhanced expression. This construct enabled the recovery of on average 0.1–1% of soluble laccase in total soluble proteins (TSP). The highest yields of recombinant laccases obtained in rice seeds were 13 and 39 ppm for riceMaL and ricePycL, respectively. The rice-produced laccases were purified and characterized. The wild-type and the recombinant proteins showed similar biochemical features in terms of molecular mass, pI, temperature and optimal pH and the N-terminus was correctly processed. Although presenting lower kinetic parameters, the rice-produced laccases were also suitable for the oxidative cross-linking of a food model substrate [maize-bran feruloylated arabinoxylans (AX)].
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)515 - 527
    Number of pages13
    JournalTransgenic Research
    Volume17
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • Laccase
    • Melanocarpus albomyces
    • Pycnoporus cinnabarinus
    • Oryza sativa
    • Heterologous protein production
    • Recombinant fungal enzyme
    • Rice

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Transgenic rice as a novel production system for <em class="EmphasisTypeItalic">Melanocarpus</em> and <em class="EmphasisTypeItalic">Pycnoporus</em> laccases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this