Transpassive dissolution of ferritic steels in a molten salt electrolyte

Iva Betova, Martin Bojinov (Corresponding Author), Ivan Kanazirski, Tzvety Tzvetkoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The transpassive dissolution of ferritic steels (14% and 18% Cr) in molten KH2PO4 at 270 °C has been studied by voltammetric and impedance measurements. The current vs. potential curves and the impedance spectra in the transpassive region have been found to be relatively similar to those obtained earlier in a phosphoric acid-based electrolyte. Both stationary and transient techniques pointed to two parallel pathways of the overall process. The first reaction path has been proposed to involve oxidative dissolution of Cr as Cr(VI) via a Cr(IV) surface intermediate species. The second path is tentatively identified as the dissolution of Fe as Fe(III) mediated by a surface chemical step involving interaction with an electrolyte-originating species. A simplified kinetic model of the process involving only surface kinetic steps has been found to reproduce successfully the steady-state and the small amplitude ac response of the studied materials. The relevance of the kinetic parameters regarding the influence of the alloy composition on the relative importance of the two parallel pathways is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1206-1211
Number of pages6
JournalElectrochemistry Communications
Volume6
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Ferritic steel
Electrolytes
Molten materials
Dissolution
Salts
Kinetics
Phosphoric acid
Kinetic parameters
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • transpassive dissolution
  • ferritic steel
  • molten salt
  • kinetic model

Cite this

Betova, Iva ; Bojinov, Martin ; Kanazirski, Ivan ; Tzvetkoff, Tzvety. / Transpassive dissolution of ferritic steels in a molten salt electrolyte. In: Electrochemistry Communications. 2004 ; Vol. 6, No. 11. pp. 1206-1211.
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Transpassive dissolution of ferritic steels in a molten salt electrolyte. / Betova, Iva; Bojinov, Martin (Corresponding Author); Kanazirski, Ivan; Tzvetkoff, Tzvety.

In: Electrochemistry Communications, Vol. 6, No. 11, 2004, p. 1206-1211.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transpassive dissolution of ferritic steels in a molten salt electrolyte

AU - Betova, Iva

AU - Bojinov, Martin

AU - Kanazirski, Ivan

AU - Tzvetkoff, Tzvety

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - The transpassive dissolution of ferritic steels (14% and 18% Cr) in molten KH2PO4 at 270 °C has been studied by voltammetric and impedance measurements. The current vs. potential curves and the impedance spectra in the transpassive region have been found to be relatively similar to those obtained earlier in a phosphoric acid-based electrolyte. Both stationary and transient techniques pointed to two parallel pathways of the overall process. The first reaction path has been proposed to involve oxidative dissolution of Cr as Cr(VI) via a Cr(IV) surface intermediate species. The second path is tentatively identified as the dissolution of Fe as Fe(III) mediated by a surface chemical step involving interaction with an electrolyte-originating species. A simplified kinetic model of the process involving only surface kinetic steps has been found to reproduce successfully the steady-state and the small amplitude ac response of the studied materials. The relevance of the kinetic parameters regarding the influence of the alloy composition on the relative importance of the two parallel pathways is discussed.

AB - The transpassive dissolution of ferritic steels (14% and 18% Cr) in molten KH2PO4 at 270 °C has been studied by voltammetric and impedance measurements. The current vs. potential curves and the impedance spectra in the transpassive region have been found to be relatively similar to those obtained earlier in a phosphoric acid-based electrolyte. Both stationary and transient techniques pointed to two parallel pathways of the overall process. The first reaction path has been proposed to involve oxidative dissolution of Cr as Cr(VI) via a Cr(IV) surface intermediate species. The second path is tentatively identified as the dissolution of Fe as Fe(III) mediated by a surface chemical step involving interaction with an electrolyte-originating species. A simplified kinetic model of the process involving only surface kinetic steps has been found to reproduce successfully the steady-state and the small amplitude ac response of the studied materials. The relevance of the kinetic parameters regarding the influence of the alloy composition on the relative importance of the two parallel pathways is discussed.

KW - transpassive dissolution

KW - ferritic steel

KW - molten salt

KW - kinetic model

U2 - 10.1016/j.elecom.2004.09.011

DO - 10.1016/j.elecom.2004.09.011

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JO - Electrochemistry Communications

JF - Electrochemistry Communications

SN - 1388-2481

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ER -