Tribological characterisation of hard carbon films produced by the pulsed vacuum arc discharge method

Helena Ronkainen, Jari Koskinen, Asko Anttila, Kenneth Holmberg, Juha-Pekka Hirvonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hard diamond-like carbon (DLC) films were deposited on silicon and high-speed steel substrates using a pulsed vacuum arc discharge method. The plasma plume was focused on the substrate using a direct electromagnetic coil. Several methods were used for coating characterisation. The film composition was analysed using Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy and forward recoil spectroscopy. About 0.5 at.% oxygen and about 1 at.% hydrogen was detected in the film. The tribological properties of the carbon films were studied using pin-on-disc tests. The counterface materials employed were alumina and hardened steel (AISI 52100 and M50) pins, which were slid against the coated substrates. The friction coefficient was measured and the wear surfaces were studied. The sliding speed was in the range 0.02–0.6 m/s and the load in the range 5–20 N. The tests were carried out in air with a relative humidity of 50±2% and at a temperature of 24±3 °C. The test results show that the DLC coatings produced for this study generally had a coefficient of friction (μ) of about 0.2. The lowest value measured was μ=0.14. The wear resistance of the coatings was good, provided that the adhesion to the substrate was sufficient. The comparative tests with titanium nitride and titanium aluminium nitride coatings showed that DLC films are considerably more wear resistant than titanium-based coatings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)639-643
Number of pages5
JournalDiamond and Related Materials
Volume1
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Carbon films
Vacuum
Coatings
Diamond like carbon films
Steel
Substrates
Titanium
Wear of materials
Friction
Diamond
Titanium nitride
Aluminum nitride
Aluminum Oxide
Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy
Silicon
Wear resistance
Hydrogen
Diamonds
Atmospheric humidity
Alumina

Cite this

Ronkainen, Helena ; Koskinen, Jari ; Anttila, Asko ; Holmberg, Kenneth ; Hirvonen, Juha-Pekka. / Tribological characterisation of hard carbon films produced by the pulsed vacuum arc discharge method. In: Diamond and Related Materials. 1992 ; Vol. 1, No. 5-6. pp. 639-643.
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abstract = "Hard diamond-like carbon (DLC) films were deposited on silicon and high-speed steel substrates using a pulsed vacuum arc discharge method. The plasma plume was focused on the substrate using a direct electromagnetic coil. Several methods were used for coating characterisation. The film composition was analysed using Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy and forward recoil spectroscopy. About 0.5 at.{\%} oxygen and about 1 at.{\%} hydrogen was detected in the film. The tribological properties of the carbon films were studied using pin-on-disc tests. The counterface materials employed were alumina and hardened steel (AISI 52100 and M50) pins, which were slid against the coated substrates. The friction coefficient was measured and the wear surfaces were studied. The sliding speed was in the range 0.02–0.6 m/s and the load in the range 5–20 N. The tests were carried out in air with a relative humidity of 50±2{\%} and at a temperature of 24±3 °C. The test results show that the DLC coatings produced for this study generally had a coefficient of friction (μ) of about 0.2. The lowest value measured was μ=0.14. The wear resistance of the coatings was good, provided that the adhesion to the substrate was sufficient. The comparative tests with titanium nitride and titanium aluminium nitride coatings showed that DLC films are considerably more wear resistant than titanium-based coatings.",
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Tribological characterisation of hard carbon films produced by the pulsed vacuum arc discharge method. / Ronkainen, Helena; Koskinen, Jari; Anttila, Asko; Holmberg, Kenneth; Hirvonen, Juha-Pekka.

In: Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 1, No. 5-6, 1992, p. 639-643.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tribological characterisation of hard carbon films produced by the pulsed vacuum arc discharge method

AU - Ronkainen, Helena

AU - Koskinen, Jari

AU - Anttila, Asko

AU - Holmberg, Kenneth

AU - Hirvonen, Juha-Pekka

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PY - 1992

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N2 - Hard diamond-like carbon (DLC) films were deposited on silicon and high-speed steel substrates using a pulsed vacuum arc discharge method. The plasma plume was focused on the substrate using a direct electromagnetic coil. Several methods were used for coating characterisation. The film composition was analysed using Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy and forward recoil spectroscopy. About 0.5 at.% oxygen and about 1 at.% hydrogen was detected in the film. The tribological properties of the carbon films were studied using pin-on-disc tests. The counterface materials employed were alumina and hardened steel (AISI 52100 and M50) pins, which were slid against the coated substrates. The friction coefficient was measured and the wear surfaces were studied. The sliding speed was in the range 0.02–0.6 m/s and the load in the range 5–20 N. The tests were carried out in air with a relative humidity of 50±2% and at a temperature of 24±3 °C. The test results show that the DLC coatings produced for this study generally had a coefficient of friction (μ) of about 0.2. The lowest value measured was μ=0.14. The wear resistance of the coatings was good, provided that the adhesion to the substrate was sufficient. The comparative tests with titanium nitride and titanium aluminium nitride coatings showed that DLC films are considerably more wear resistant than titanium-based coatings.

AB - Hard diamond-like carbon (DLC) films were deposited on silicon and high-speed steel substrates using a pulsed vacuum arc discharge method. The plasma plume was focused on the substrate using a direct electromagnetic coil. Several methods were used for coating characterisation. The film composition was analysed using Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy and forward recoil spectroscopy. About 0.5 at.% oxygen and about 1 at.% hydrogen was detected in the film. The tribological properties of the carbon films were studied using pin-on-disc tests. The counterface materials employed were alumina and hardened steel (AISI 52100 and M50) pins, which were slid against the coated substrates. The friction coefficient was measured and the wear surfaces were studied. The sliding speed was in the range 0.02–0.6 m/s and the load in the range 5–20 N. The tests were carried out in air with a relative humidity of 50±2% and at a temperature of 24±3 °C. The test results show that the DLC coatings produced for this study generally had a coefficient of friction (μ) of about 0.2. The lowest value measured was μ=0.14. The wear resistance of the coatings was good, provided that the adhesion to the substrate was sufficient. The comparative tests with titanium nitride and titanium aluminium nitride coatings showed that DLC films are considerably more wear resistant than titanium-based coatings.

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