Ultrasonic inspection of a reactor pressure vessel from outside surface

Raimo Paussu, Jorma Pitkänen, Pauli Särkiniemi, Harri Jeskanen, Bernhard Elsing

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Welds are one of the main objects in inservice inspections of reactor pressure vessel (RPV). Circumferential core region weld is most critical for RPV integrity and therefore complementary ultrasonic inspection from the outside surface is found necessary. In reactor pressure vessel inspection, there are some factors that have an effect on the ultrasonic inspection. It is important to know the temperature of outside vessel wall during inspection. Temperature changes the angles of incidence and affects on the detection capability of defects. The state of cladding is important also for detection of the defects at the interface between cladding and base material. The basic inspection techniques and the measurement of transducer contact will be discussed in this overview. It is very important to have similar noise level in the validation block as in the cladding of the component. By this way, the best verification of the technique for real situation will be achieved. The crack detection is depending on orientation, skew and tilt angle of the crack. The optimisation for detection of smaller defects requires certain angle of incidence. Noise from the cladding can enlarge the size of detectable defect. These factors are handled in the qualification of ultrasonic inspection of pressure vessel at Loviisa NPP performed from the outside surface.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication Plant Life Management
Subtitle of host publicationMidterm status of a R&D project
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages97-106
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-5728-X
ISBN (Print)951-38-5727-1
Publication statusPublished - 2001
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventPlant Life Management: Midterm status of a R&D project - Espoo, Finland
Duration: 1 Jan 20011 Jan 2001

Publication series

NameVTT Symposium
PublisherVTT
Number218
ISSN (Print)0357-9387
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0873

Conference

ConferencePlant Life Management
CountryFinland
CityEspoo
Period1/01/011/01/01

Fingerprint

pressure vessels
inspection
ultrasonics
reactors
defects
cracks
incidence
qualifications
integrity
vessels
transducers
optimization
temperature

Cite this

Paussu, R., Pitkänen, J., Särkiniemi, P., Jeskanen, H., & Elsing, B. (2001). Ultrasonic inspection of a reactor pressure vessel from outside surface. In  Plant Life Management: Midterm status of a R&D project (pp. 97-106). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 218
Paussu, Raimo ; Pitkänen, Jorma ; Särkiniemi, Pauli ; Jeskanen, Harri ; Elsing, Bernhard. / Ultrasonic inspection of a reactor pressure vessel from outside surface.  Plant Life Management: Midterm status of a R&D project. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2001. pp. 97-106 (VTT Symposium; No. 218).
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Paussu, R, Pitkänen, J, Särkiniemi, P, Jeskanen, H & Elsing, B 2001, Ultrasonic inspection of a reactor pressure vessel from outside surface. in  Plant Life Management: Midterm status of a R&D project. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 218, pp. 97-106, Plant Life Management, Espoo, Finland, 1/01/01.

Ultrasonic inspection of a reactor pressure vessel from outside surface. / Paussu, Raimo; Pitkänen, Jorma; Särkiniemi, Pauli; Jeskanen, Harri; Elsing, Bernhard.

 Plant Life Management: Midterm status of a R&D project. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2001. p. 97-106 (VTT Symposium; No. 218).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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AU - Elsing, Bernhard

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Y1 - 2001

N2 - Welds are one of the main objects in inservice inspections of reactor pressure vessel (RPV). Circumferential core region weld is most critical for RPV integrity and therefore complementary ultrasonic inspection from the outside surface is found necessary. In reactor pressure vessel inspection, there are some factors that have an effect on the ultrasonic inspection. It is important to know the temperature of outside vessel wall during inspection. Temperature changes the angles of incidence and affects on the detection capability of defects. The state of cladding is important also for detection of the defects at the interface between cladding and base material. The basic inspection techniques and the measurement of transducer contact will be discussed in this overview. It is very important to have similar noise level in the validation block as in the cladding of the component. By this way, the best verification of the technique for real situation will be achieved. The crack detection is depending on orientation, skew and tilt angle of the crack. The optimisation for detection of smaller defects requires certain angle of incidence. Noise from the cladding can enlarge the size of detectable defect. These factors are handled in the qualification of ultrasonic inspection of pressure vessel at Loviisa NPP performed from the outside surface.

AB - Welds are one of the main objects in inservice inspections of reactor pressure vessel (RPV). Circumferential core region weld is most critical for RPV integrity and therefore complementary ultrasonic inspection from the outside surface is found necessary. In reactor pressure vessel inspection, there are some factors that have an effect on the ultrasonic inspection. It is important to know the temperature of outside vessel wall during inspection. Temperature changes the angles of incidence and affects on the detection capability of defects. The state of cladding is important also for detection of the defects at the interface between cladding and base material. The basic inspection techniques and the measurement of transducer contact will be discussed in this overview. It is very important to have similar noise level in the validation block as in the cladding of the component. By this way, the best verification of the technique for real situation will be achieved. The crack detection is depending on orientation, skew and tilt angle of the crack. The optimisation for detection of smaller defects requires certain angle of incidence. Noise from the cladding can enlarge the size of detectable defect. These factors are handled in the qualification of ultrasonic inspection of pressure vessel at Loviisa NPP performed from the outside surface.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

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Paussu R, Pitkänen J, Särkiniemi P, Jeskanen H, Elsing B. Ultrasonic inspection of a reactor pressure vessel from outside surface. In  Plant Life Management: Midterm status of a R&D project. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2001. p. 97-106. (VTT Symposium; No. 218).