Ultrasound-assisted forward osmosis for mitigating internal concentration polarization

Juha Heikkinen (Corresponding Author), Hanna Kyllönen, Eliisa Järvelä, Antti Grönroos, Chuyang Y. Tang (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Internal concentration polarization (ICP) severely limits water flux performance in forward osmosis (FO). We investigated the use of ultrasound to mitigate ICP. Various parameters affecting the performance of the novel ultrasonically-assisted FO were studied, such as ultrasonic frequency and constant versus pulsed operation. With either deionized water or polyphenolic tannin solution as the feed and sodium sulphate as the draw solution, the water flux was nearly doubled for a thin film composite FO membrane upon the application of a 20 kHz ultrasound, with stronger enhancement achieved when the ultrasound was applied to the support layer of the membrane. High frequencies of 573 and 1136 kHz had much weaker effects. Pulsed application of ultrasound can significantly reduce the energy consumption of sonication. For the first time, the current study provides compelling evidence that ultrasonic vibrations applied to porous support structure of an FO membrane is highly effective in mitigating ICP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-154
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume528
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Osmosis
osmosis
Ultrasonics
Polarization
polarization
membranes
Membranes
Water
Osmosis membranes
ultrasonics
water
Sonication
Tannins
energy consumption
sodium sulfates
Fluxes
sulfates
Sodium sulfate
Deionized water
vibration

Keywords

  • Forward osmosis
  • Internal concentration polarization (ICP)
  • Reverse solute flux
  • Ultrasound
  • Water flux

Cite this

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abstract = "Internal concentration polarization (ICP) severely limits water flux performance in forward osmosis (FO). We investigated the use of ultrasound to mitigate ICP. Various parameters affecting the performance of the novel ultrasonically-assisted FO were studied, such as ultrasonic frequency and constant versus pulsed operation. With either deionized water or polyphenolic tannin solution as the feed and sodium sulphate as the draw solution, the water flux was nearly doubled for a thin film composite FO membrane upon the application of a 20 kHz ultrasound, with stronger enhancement achieved when the ultrasound was applied to the support layer of the membrane. High frequencies of 573 and 1136 kHz had much weaker effects. Pulsed application of ultrasound can significantly reduce the energy consumption of sonication. For the first time, the current study provides compelling evidence that ultrasonic vibrations applied to porous support structure of an FO membrane is highly effective in mitigating ICP.",
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Ultrasound-assisted forward osmosis for mitigating internal concentration polarization. / Heikkinen, Juha (Corresponding Author); Kyllönen, Hanna; Järvelä, Eliisa; Grönroos, Antti; Tang, Chuyang Y. (Corresponding Author).

In: Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 528, 01.01.2017, p. 147-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Ultrasound-assisted forward osmosis for mitigating internal concentration polarization

AU - Heikkinen, Juha

AU - Kyllönen, Hanna

AU - Järvelä, Eliisa

AU - Grönroos, Antti

AU - Tang, Chuyang Y.

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AB - Internal concentration polarization (ICP) severely limits water flux performance in forward osmosis (FO). We investigated the use of ultrasound to mitigate ICP. Various parameters affecting the performance of the novel ultrasonically-assisted FO were studied, such as ultrasonic frequency and constant versus pulsed operation. With either deionized water or polyphenolic tannin solution as the feed and sodium sulphate as the draw solution, the water flux was nearly doubled for a thin film composite FO membrane upon the application of a 20 kHz ultrasound, with stronger enhancement achieved when the ultrasound was applied to the support layer of the membrane. High frequencies of 573 and 1136 kHz had much weaker effects. Pulsed application of ultrasound can significantly reduce the energy consumption of sonication. For the first time, the current study provides compelling evidence that ultrasonic vibrations applied to porous support structure of an FO membrane is highly effective in mitigating ICP.

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