A novel guided-wave optical power coupler is presented, based on two 2x2 50/50 multimode interference splitters connected with tapered waveguides that play the role of a phase shifter. By simply changing the length of this phase shifter, these double-MMI couplers can be easily designed to get any desired splitting ratio. Results of simulations are discussed and compared with the characterizations of devices fabricated on micron-scale SOI wafers, to highlight pros and cons of the proposed solution. The fabricated splitters have been found to have average losses about 0.4 ± 0.5 dB and splitting ratios ranging from 56/44 to 96/4.
|Publication status||Published - 21 Apr 2014|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|