Understanding of the fundamental differences in JET and JT-60U at discharges

Paula Sirén (Corresponding Author), Tuomas Tala, G. Corrigan, J. Garcia, T. Koskela, F. Köchl, X. Litaudon, Antti Salmi

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Plasma current density simulations of JET and JT-60U shots in reverse-q advanced scenarios based on the previous data analysis of the identity plasma experiments have been performed. The effects of the main differences between the shots (neutral beam current density (jnbi), electron density and geometry) have been studied. The reversed q-profile (which was the target in this identity experiment and is observed at the beginning of each shot) was sustained in JT-60U while it became flat in JET towards the end of the shot. In JET, jnbi is peaked on-axis whereas in JT-60U it is peaked off-axis (at ρ = 0.5) while the NBI fraction of the selected shots is the same (22-24%). A strong density ITB appeared (at ρ = 0.5) in JT-60U but not in JET. The plasma geometry was mainly set to match but it was not identical. In addition, the extrapolation to JET steady-state operation has been done by testing the sensitivity of q to different externally driven currents, electron density and geometry in predictive current diffusion simulations. Moreover, critical bootstrap current density has been analysed. The reasons for the different time evolution of q-profile have been studied with predictive current simulations with the 1.5D transport code JETTO. The current diffusion model was validated against reverse-q shots, and simulations were performed with experimental data profiles, jNBI given by ASCOT and neoclassical resistivity and bootstrap current calculated by NCLASS. Bootstrap current density was the most efficient way to sustain the beneficial reverse shape of q-profile. Replacing the JET ne profile with one from JT-60U leads to an increase of 0.2-0.3 MA in the bootstrap current (f bs increases from 15% to 30%). However, sustaining the stationary reverse q is not achieved in JET with bootstrap current induced by the density gradient of JT-60U. Even 10 times larger gradient than in JT-60U helps to sustain the shape of the q-profile longer than the experimentally observed density profile in JET but the minimum value of q moves closer to central plasma and the shape of q is not stationary in a 10 s simulation. The effect of different shape of NBI current density profile is negligible due to quite small fraction. Sustaining the reverse q requires 45% or larger added off-axis fraction. However, increasing the inverse aspect ratio increases bootstrap current and decreases the critical bootstrap current more effectively than increasing the density gradient: two times larger inverse aspect ratio produces almost three times larger bootstrap fraction but ten times larger density gradient only two times larger bootstrap fraction. The conclusions based on these simulations indicate that the need for bootstrap current is larger in JET and the same conditions cause smaller bootstrap fraction, which suggests that achieving steady-state operation in JET under these conditions is unlikely.

Original languageEnglish
Article number075015
Number of pages23
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • advanced tokamak scenarios
  • bootstrap current
  • current density modelling


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