Understanding the interactions of cellulose fibres and deep eutectic solvent of choline chloride and urea

Tiia Maria Tenhunen, Anna E. Lewandowska, Hannes Orelma, Leena Sisko Johansson, Tommi Virtanen, Ali Harlin, Monika Österberg, Stephen J. Eichhorn, Tekla Tammelin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A deep eutectic solvent composed of choline chloride (ChCl) and urea has been recently introduced as a promising cellulose compatible medium that enables e.g. fibre spinning. This paper clarifies the influence of such a solvent system on the structure and chemical composition of the cellulosic pulp fibres. Special emphasis was placed on the probable alterations of the chemical composition due to the dissolution of the fibre components and/or due to the chemical derivatisation taking place during the DES treatment. Possible changes in fibre morphology were studied with atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Chemical compositions of pulp fibres were determined from the carbohydrate content, and by analysing the elemental content. Detailed structural characterisation of the fibres was carried out using spectroscopic methods; namely X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, solid state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Raman Spectroscopy. No changes with respect to fibre morphology were revealed and negligible changes in the carbohydrate composition were noted. The most significant change was related to the nitrogen content of the pulp after the DES treatment. Comprehensive examination using spectroscopic methods revealed that the nitrogen originated from strongly bound ChCl residuals that could not be removed with a mild ethanol washing procedure. According to Raman spectroscopic data and methylene blue adsorption tests, the cationic groups of ChCl seems to be attached to the anionic groups of pulp by electrostatic forces. These findings will facilitate the efficient utilisation of DES as a cellulose compatible medium without significantly affecting the native fibre structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137–150
JournalCellulose
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Choline
Urea
Cellulose
Eutectics
Fibers
Pulp
Carbohydrates
Chemical analysis
Nitrogen
Electrostatic force
Methylene Blue
Washing
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Raman spectroscopy
Atomic force microscopy
Dissolution
Ethanol
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Adsorption
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Choline chloride
  • Deep eutectic solvent
  • DES
  • Pulp
  • Urea

Cite this

Tenhunen, Tiia Maria ; Lewandowska, Anna E. ; Orelma, Hannes ; Johansson, Leena Sisko ; Virtanen, Tommi ; Harlin, Ali ; Österberg, Monika ; Eichhorn, Stephen J. ; Tammelin, Tekla. / Understanding the interactions of cellulose fibres and deep eutectic solvent of choline chloride and urea. In: Cellulose. 2018 ; Vol. 25, No. 1. pp. 137–150.
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Understanding the interactions of cellulose fibres and deep eutectic solvent of choline chloride and urea. / Tenhunen, Tiia Maria; Lewandowska, Anna E.; Orelma, Hannes; Johansson, Leena Sisko; Virtanen, Tommi; Harlin, Ali; Österberg, Monika; Eichhorn, Stephen J.; Tammelin, Tekla.

In: Cellulose, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2018, p. 137–150.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Virtanen, Tommi

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