Understanding vented gas explosions

Risto Lautkaski

Research output: Book/ReportReport

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The report is an introduction to vented gas explosions for nonspecialists, particularly designers of plants for flammable gases and liquids. The phenomena leading to pressure generation in vented gas explosions in empty and congested rooms are reviewed. The four peak model of vented gas explosions is presented with simple methods to predict the values of the individual peaks. Experimental data on the external explosion of dust and gas explosions is discussed. The empirical equation by Wirkner-Bott et al. relating the internal and external peak pressures in vented dust explosions is shown to be valid for gas explosion tests in 30 m3 and 550 m3 chambers. However, the difficulty of predicting the internal peak pressure in large chambers remains. Methods of explosion relief panel design and principles of vent and equipment layout to reduce explosion overpressures are reviewed.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages129
ISBN (Print)951-38-5087-0
Publication statusPublished - 1997
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
Number1812
ISSN1235-0605

Keywords

  • gases
  • explosions
  • vented explosions
  • flammable gases
  • flammable liquids
  • industrial plants
  • dust explosions
  • designers
  • combustion
  • turbulence
  • blast effects
  • pressure
  • vents
  • models
  • mathematical models
  • methods, predictions
  • liquefied petroleum gases

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