Unique compression behavior of foam-formed sheets in wet pressing and calendering

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

We compare dynamic compression behavior of foam and water formed sheets for different furnishes. The main qualitative difference between the two forming methods is the strong thickness recovery of the foam-formed sheet after the first wet pressing pulse. Moreover, significantly higher solids content is achieved with foam forming. There are important differences among the studied furnishes depending mainly on the type and content of fines. The measured changes in sample thickness and solids content, together with simple mathematical formulas, enable analyzing the development of volume fractions of fibers, water and air during processing. Curiously, the advantage of foam-formed sheets coming from the improved compression recovery holds not only in wet pressing but also after calendering. This suggests that the unique recovery properties obtained with foam forming are related mainly to the fiber network structure rather than the lower water surface tension or improved dewatering. The work shows the most potential furnishes for high bulk and discusses how the studied process operations can be done effectively in the case of foam forming enabling new wet pressing strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Paper Physics Conference (PaperCon 2019)
PublisherTAPPI Press
Pages181-194
Publication statusPublished - 8 May 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Paper Physics Conference at PaperCon, IPPC - Indianapolis, United States
Duration: 5 May 20198 May 2019

Conference

ConferenceInternational Paper Physics Conference at PaperCon, IPPC
Abbreviated titleIPPC
CountryUnited States
CityIndianapolis
Period5/05/198/05/19

Fingerprint

Pressing (forming)
Calendering
Foams
Compaction
Recovery
Water
Fibers
Dewatering
Surface tension
Volume fraction
Processing
Air

Cite this

Järvinen, M., Pihko, R., Nurminen, I., & Ketoja, J. (2019). Unique compression behavior of foam-formed sheets in wet pressing and calendering. In Proceedings of the International Paper Physics Conference (PaperCon 2019) (pp. 181-194). TAPPI Press.
Järvinen, Marjo ; Pihko, Riku ; Nurminen, Ilkka ; Ketoja, Jukka. / Unique compression behavior of foam-formed sheets in wet pressing and calendering. Proceedings of the International Paper Physics Conference (PaperCon 2019). TAPPI Press, 2019. pp. 181-194
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Järvinen, M, Pihko, R, Nurminen, I & Ketoja, J 2019, Unique compression behavior of foam-formed sheets in wet pressing and calendering. in Proceedings of the International Paper Physics Conference (PaperCon 2019). TAPPI Press, pp. 181-194, International Paper Physics Conference at PaperCon, IPPC, Indianapolis, United States, 5/05/19.

Unique compression behavior of foam-formed sheets in wet pressing and calendering. / Järvinen, Marjo; Pihko, Riku; Nurminen, Ilkka; Ketoja, Jukka.

Proceedings of the International Paper Physics Conference (PaperCon 2019). TAPPI Press, 2019. p. 181-194.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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AB - We compare dynamic compression behavior of foam and water formed sheets for different furnishes. The main qualitative difference between the two forming methods is the strong thickness recovery of the foam-formed sheet after the first wet pressing pulse. Moreover, significantly higher solids content is achieved with foam forming. There are important differences among the studied furnishes depending mainly on the type and content of fines. The measured changes in sample thickness and solids content, together with simple mathematical formulas, enable analyzing the development of volume fractions of fibers, water and air during processing. Curiously, the advantage of foam-formed sheets coming from the improved compression recovery holds not only in wet pressing but also after calendering. This suggests that the unique recovery properties obtained with foam forming are related mainly to the fiber network structure rather than the lower water surface tension or improved dewatering. The work shows the most potential furnishes for high bulk and discusses how the studied process operations can be done effectively in the case of foam forming enabling new wet pressing strategies.

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Järvinen M, Pihko R, Nurminen I, Ketoja J. Unique compression behavior of foam-formed sheets in wet pressing and calendering. In Proceedings of the International Paper Physics Conference (PaperCon 2019). TAPPI Press. 2019. p. 181-194