University culture - Quo Vadis? Prospects of environmental science-policy interface up to 2020

Petri Tapio, Johanna Kohl, Sarianne Tikkanen, Sofi Kurki

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    From the environmental point of view, science has, basically, had a three-fold role. First, the use of scientific research and knowledge in techno-economic development is one of the reasons for environmental problems. Second, scientific knowledge is needed to detect environmental changes and, third, science can innovate and produce ways of ameliorating the problematic changes. Each role has something to do with the relation of science (research and education) to the rest of society and to nature itself. Currently, the roles of science and universities are becoming increasingly complex as the traditional autonomy of universities seems to decrease. We define four possible roles - observer, sub-contractor, agent of societal change and a context dependent, changing role. Different roles are nourished in different university cultures which seem to be in a transition. Is the university moving from an autonomous and hierarchical Temple of knowledge to an open, client-oriented Bazaar? Or are we heading from an autonomous and open Oasis of free thinking to a production-based Factory? A Delphi study consisting of interviews with environmental experts in Finland suggests that the university culture operated in the Temple manner in 1990 and had moved towards the Factory by 2005. The study also reports the environmental experts' views of the probable and preferred future development up to 2020. We grouped the views with cluster analysis of the responses. The images of the future differ strongly, since one cluster of responses projects the strengthening of the Factory mode, three clusters envision variations of the Bazaar and two the Oasis. The paper concludes by making a Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats (SWOT) analysis of the different university cultures. We conclude that environmentally best practices are generated in the borderline between the Bazaar and the Oasis.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2-15
    Number of pages14
    JournalThe Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies
    Volume10
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    science policy
    university
    factory
    science
    expert
    subcontractor
    cluster analysis
    Finland
    best practice
    environmental impact
    autonomy
    threat
    interview
    knowledge
    economics
    education

    Keywords

    • Science-policy interface
    • university culture
    • transdisciplinarity
    • Delphi method
    • environmental policy

    Cite this

    Tapio, Petri ; Kohl, Johanna ; Tikkanen, Sarianne ; Kurki, Sofi. / University culture - Quo Vadis? Prospects of environmental science-policy interface up to 2020. In: The Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies. 2011 ; Vol. 10, No. 1. pp. 2-15.
    @article{5f2d1f0edca64164a805e984a858b74f,
    title = "University culture - Quo Vadis? Prospects of environmental science-policy interface up to 2020",
    abstract = "From the environmental point of view, science has, basically, had a three-fold role. First, the use of scientific research and knowledge in techno-economic development is one of the reasons for environmental problems. Second, scientific knowledge is needed to detect environmental changes and, third, science can innovate and produce ways of ameliorating the problematic changes. Each role has something to do with the relation of science (research and education) to the rest of society and to nature itself. Currently, the roles of science and universities are becoming increasingly complex as the traditional autonomy of universities seems to decrease. We define four possible roles - observer, sub-contractor, agent of societal change and a context dependent, changing role. Different roles are nourished in different university cultures which seem to be in a transition. Is the university moving from an autonomous and hierarchical Temple of knowledge to an open, client-oriented Bazaar? Or are we heading from an autonomous and open Oasis of free thinking to a production-based Factory? A Delphi study consisting of interviews with environmental experts in Finland suggests that the university culture operated in the Temple manner in 1990 and had moved towards the Factory by 2005. The study also reports the environmental experts' views of the probable and preferred future development up to 2020. We grouped the views with cluster analysis of the responses. The images of the future differ strongly, since one cluster of responses projects the strengthening of the Factory mode, three clusters envision variations of the Bazaar and two the Oasis. The paper concludes by making a Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats (SWOT) analysis of the different university cultures. We conclude that environmentally best practices are generated in the borderline between the Bazaar and the Oasis.",
    keywords = "Science-policy interface, university culture, transdisciplinarity, Delphi method, environmental policy",
    author = "Petri Tapio and Johanna Kohl and Sarianne Tikkanen and Sofi Kurki",
    year = "2011",
    language = "English",
    volume = "10",
    pages = "2--15",
    journal = "The Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies",
    issn = "1602-2297",
    number = "1",

    }

    University culture - Quo Vadis? Prospects of environmental science-policy interface up to 2020. / Tapio, Petri; Kohl, Johanna; Tikkanen, Sarianne; Kurki, Sofi.

    In: The Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2011, p. 2-15.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - University culture - Quo Vadis? Prospects of environmental science-policy interface up to 2020

    AU - Tapio, Petri

    AU - Kohl, Johanna

    AU - Tikkanen, Sarianne

    AU - Kurki, Sofi

    PY - 2011

    Y1 - 2011

    N2 - From the environmental point of view, science has, basically, had a three-fold role. First, the use of scientific research and knowledge in techno-economic development is one of the reasons for environmental problems. Second, scientific knowledge is needed to detect environmental changes and, third, science can innovate and produce ways of ameliorating the problematic changes. Each role has something to do with the relation of science (research and education) to the rest of society and to nature itself. Currently, the roles of science and universities are becoming increasingly complex as the traditional autonomy of universities seems to decrease. We define four possible roles - observer, sub-contractor, agent of societal change and a context dependent, changing role. Different roles are nourished in different university cultures which seem to be in a transition. Is the university moving from an autonomous and hierarchical Temple of knowledge to an open, client-oriented Bazaar? Or are we heading from an autonomous and open Oasis of free thinking to a production-based Factory? A Delphi study consisting of interviews with environmental experts in Finland suggests that the university culture operated in the Temple manner in 1990 and had moved towards the Factory by 2005. The study also reports the environmental experts' views of the probable and preferred future development up to 2020. We grouped the views with cluster analysis of the responses. The images of the future differ strongly, since one cluster of responses projects the strengthening of the Factory mode, three clusters envision variations of the Bazaar and two the Oasis. The paper concludes by making a Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats (SWOT) analysis of the different university cultures. We conclude that environmentally best practices are generated in the borderline between the Bazaar and the Oasis.

    AB - From the environmental point of view, science has, basically, had a three-fold role. First, the use of scientific research and knowledge in techno-economic development is one of the reasons for environmental problems. Second, scientific knowledge is needed to detect environmental changes and, third, science can innovate and produce ways of ameliorating the problematic changes. Each role has something to do with the relation of science (research and education) to the rest of society and to nature itself. Currently, the roles of science and universities are becoming increasingly complex as the traditional autonomy of universities seems to decrease. We define four possible roles - observer, sub-contractor, agent of societal change and a context dependent, changing role. Different roles are nourished in different university cultures which seem to be in a transition. Is the university moving from an autonomous and hierarchical Temple of knowledge to an open, client-oriented Bazaar? Or are we heading from an autonomous and open Oasis of free thinking to a production-based Factory? A Delphi study consisting of interviews with environmental experts in Finland suggests that the university culture operated in the Temple manner in 1990 and had moved towards the Factory by 2005. The study also reports the environmental experts' views of the probable and preferred future development up to 2020. We grouped the views with cluster analysis of the responses. The images of the future differ strongly, since one cluster of responses projects the strengthening of the Factory mode, three clusters envision variations of the Bazaar and two the Oasis. The paper concludes by making a Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats (SWOT) analysis of the different university cultures. We conclude that environmentally best practices are generated in the borderline between the Bazaar and the Oasis.

    KW - Science-policy interface

    KW - university culture

    KW - transdisciplinarity

    KW - Delphi method

    KW - environmental policy

    M3 - Article

    VL - 10

    SP - 2

    EP - 15

    JO - The Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies

    JF - The Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies

    SN - 1602-2297

    IS - 1

    ER -