University research funding and publication performance: An international comparison

Mika Nieminen, Otto Auranen (Corresponding Author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    336 Citations (Scopus)


    In current science policies, competition and output incentives are emphasized as a means of making university systems efficient and productive. By comparing eight countries, this article analyzes how funding environments of university research vary across countries and whether more competitive funding systems are more efficient in producing scientific publications. The article shows that there are significant differences in the competitiveness of funding systems, but no straightforward connection between financial incentives and the efficiency of university systems exists. Our results provoke questions about whether financial incentives boost publication productivity, and whether policy-makers should place greater emphasis on other factors relevant to high productivity.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)822-834
    Number of pages13
    JournalResearch Policy
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • university research
    • funding
    • competition
    • publication performance
    • efficiency


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