Unlocking circular business: A framework of barriers and drivers

Nina Tura, Jyri Hanski, Tuomas Ahola, Matias Ståhle, Sini Piiparinen, Pasi Valkokari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


Circular economy increasingly attracts the interest of business, policy makers and academia in the search for answers to sustainability challenges. While earlier studies have presented drivers that support the introduction of new business concepts for circular economy, as well as barriers that hinder the rate of innovation in the field, no systematic categorizations of such factors have been brought forward. Drawing on current literature, a framework of drivers and barriers is introduced, including seven distinct areas: environmental, economic, social, political and institutional, technological and informational, supply chain, and organizational factors. The appearance and content of these areas in practice have been examined in four case organizations by conducting thirty-six qualitative, semi-structured interviews. Empirical illustrations of the potential barriers and drivers provide managerial implications for better execution of circular business.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-98
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Barrier
  • Business model
  • Circular economy
  • Driver
  • Sustainability
  • Sustainable business

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