Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) operated spectral camera system for forest and agriculture applications

Heikki Saari, I. Pellikka, L. Pesonen, S. Tuominen, J. Heikkilä, Christer Holmlund, Jussi Mäkynen, Kai Ojala, Tapani Antila

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a Fabry-Perot Interferometer (FPI) based hyperspectral imager compatible with the light weight UAV platforms.
The concept of the hyperspectral imager has been published in the SPIE Proc. 7474 and 7668. In forest and agriculture applications the recording of multispectral images at a few wavelength bands is in most cases adequate.
The possibility to calculate a digital elevation model of the forest area and crop fields provides means to estimate the biomass and perform forest inventory. The full UAS multispectral imaging system will consist of a high resolution false color imager and a FPI based hyperspectral imager which can be used at resolutions from VGA (480 x 640 pixels) up to 5 Mpix at wavelength range 500 - 900 nm at user selectable spectral resolutions in the range 10...40 nm @ FWHM. The resolution is determined by the order at which the Fabry- Perot interferometer is used.
The overlap between successive images of the false color camera is 70...80% which makes it possible to calculate the digital elevation model of the target area. The field of view of the false color camera is typically 80 degrees and the ground pixel size at 150 m flying altitude is around 5 cm. The field of view of the hyperspectral imager is presently is 26 x 36 degrees and ground pixel size at 150 m flying altitude is around 3.5 cm.
The UAS system has been tried in summer 2011 in Southern Finland for the forest and agricultural areas. During the first test campaigns the false color camera and hyperspectral imager were flown over the target areas at separate flights. The design and calibration of the hyperspectral imager will be shortly explained.
The test flight campaigns on forest and crop fields and their preliminary results are also presented in this paper
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the SPIE
Subtitle of host publicationRemote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XIII
PublisherInternational Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)978-0-8194-8801-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventSPIE Remote Sensing. Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XIII - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 19 Sep 201121 Sep 2011

Publication series

SeriesProceedings of SPIE
Volume8174

Conference

ConferenceSPIE Remote Sensing. Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XIII
CountryCzech Republic
CityPrague
Period19/09/1121/09/11

Fingerprint

interferometer
agriculture
pixel
field of view
digital elevation model
flight
wavelength
crop
multispectral image
forest inventory
spectral resolution
agricultural land
calibration
vehicle
biomass
summer
test

Cite this

Saari, H., Pellikka, I., Pesonen, L., Tuominen, S., Heikkilä, J., Holmlund, C., ... Antila, T. (2011). Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) operated spectral camera system for forest and agriculture applications. In Proceedings of the SPIE: Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XIII [81740H] International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.. 8174 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.897585
Saari, Heikki ; Pellikka, I. ; Pesonen, L. ; Tuominen, S. ; Heikkilä, J. ; Holmlund, Christer ; Mäkynen, Jussi ; Ojala, Kai ; Antila, Tapani. / Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) operated spectral camera system for forest and agriculture applications. Proceedings of the SPIE: Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XIII. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2011. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 8174).
@inproceedings{89faa394515343b9881a5aadadbbf332,
title = "Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) operated spectral camera system for forest and agriculture applications",
abstract = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a Fabry-Perot Interferometer (FPI) based hyperspectral imager compatible with the light weight UAV platforms. The concept of the hyperspectral imager has been published in the SPIE Proc. 7474 and 7668. In forest and agriculture applications the recording of multispectral images at a few wavelength bands is in most cases adequate. The possibility to calculate a digital elevation model of the forest area and crop fields provides means to estimate the biomass and perform forest inventory. The full UAS multispectral imaging system will consist of a high resolution false color imager and a FPI based hyperspectral imager which can be used at resolutions from VGA (480 x 640 pixels) up to 5 Mpix at wavelength range 500 - 900 nm at user selectable spectral resolutions in the range 10...40 nm @ FWHM. The resolution is determined by the order at which the Fabry- Perot interferometer is used. The overlap between successive images of the false color camera is 70...80{\%} which makes it possible to calculate the digital elevation model of the target area. The field of view of the false color camera is typically 80 degrees and the ground pixel size at 150 m flying altitude is around 5 cm. The field of view of the hyperspectral imager is presently is 26 x 36 degrees and ground pixel size at 150 m flying altitude is around 3.5 cm. The UAS system has been tried in summer 2011 in Southern Finland for the forest and agricultural areas. During the first test campaigns the false color camera and hyperspectral imager were flown over the target areas at separate flights. The design and calibration of the hyperspectral imager will be shortly explained. The test flight campaigns on forest and crop fields and their preliminary results are also presented in this paper",
author = "Heikki Saari and I. Pellikka and L. Pesonen and S. Tuominen and J. Heikkil{\"a} and Christer Holmlund and Jussi M{\"a}kynen and Kai Ojala and Tapani Antila",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1117/12.897585",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-0-8194-8801-5",
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Saari, H, Pellikka, I, Pesonen, L, Tuominen, S, Heikkilä, J, Holmlund, C, Mäkynen, J, Ojala, K & Antila, T 2011, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) operated spectral camera system for forest and agriculture applications. in Proceedings of the SPIE: Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XIII., 81740H, International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 8174, SPIE Remote Sensing. Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XIII, Prague, Czech Republic, 19/09/11. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.897585

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) operated spectral camera system for forest and agriculture applications. / Saari, Heikki; Pellikka, I.; Pesonen, L.; Tuominen, S.; Heikkilä, J.; Holmlund, Christer; Mäkynen, Jussi; Ojala, Kai; Antila, Tapani.

Proceedings of the SPIE: Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XIII. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2011. 81740H (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 8174).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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AU - Saari, Heikki

AU - Pellikka, I.

AU - Pesonen, L.

AU - Tuominen, S.

AU - Heikkilä, J.

AU - Holmlund, Christer

AU - Mäkynen, Jussi

AU - Ojala, Kai

AU - Antila, Tapani

PY - 2011

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N2 - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a Fabry-Perot Interferometer (FPI) based hyperspectral imager compatible with the light weight UAV platforms. The concept of the hyperspectral imager has been published in the SPIE Proc. 7474 and 7668. In forest and agriculture applications the recording of multispectral images at a few wavelength bands is in most cases adequate. The possibility to calculate a digital elevation model of the forest area and crop fields provides means to estimate the biomass and perform forest inventory. The full UAS multispectral imaging system will consist of a high resolution false color imager and a FPI based hyperspectral imager which can be used at resolutions from VGA (480 x 640 pixels) up to 5 Mpix at wavelength range 500 - 900 nm at user selectable spectral resolutions in the range 10...40 nm @ FWHM. The resolution is determined by the order at which the Fabry- Perot interferometer is used. The overlap between successive images of the false color camera is 70...80% which makes it possible to calculate the digital elevation model of the target area. The field of view of the false color camera is typically 80 degrees and the ground pixel size at 150 m flying altitude is around 5 cm. The field of view of the hyperspectral imager is presently is 26 x 36 degrees and ground pixel size at 150 m flying altitude is around 3.5 cm. The UAS system has been tried in summer 2011 in Southern Finland for the forest and agricultural areas. During the first test campaigns the false color camera and hyperspectral imager were flown over the target areas at separate flights. The design and calibration of the hyperspectral imager will be shortly explained. The test flight campaigns on forest and crop fields and their preliminary results are also presented in this paper

AB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a Fabry-Perot Interferometer (FPI) based hyperspectral imager compatible with the light weight UAV platforms. The concept of the hyperspectral imager has been published in the SPIE Proc. 7474 and 7668. In forest and agriculture applications the recording of multispectral images at a few wavelength bands is in most cases adequate. The possibility to calculate a digital elevation model of the forest area and crop fields provides means to estimate the biomass and perform forest inventory. The full UAS multispectral imaging system will consist of a high resolution false color imager and a FPI based hyperspectral imager which can be used at resolutions from VGA (480 x 640 pixels) up to 5 Mpix at wavelength range 500 - 900 nm at user selectable spectral resolutions in the range 10...40 nm @ FWHM. The resolution is determined by the order at which the Fabry- Perot interferometer is used. The overlap between successive images of the false color camera is 70...80% which makes it possible to calculate the digital elevation model of the target area. The field of view of the false color camera is typically 80 degrees and the ground pixel size at 150 m flying altitude is around 5 cm. The field of view of the hyperspectral imager is presently is 26 x 36 degrees and ground pixel size at 150 m flying altitude is around 3.5 cm. The UAS system has been tried in summer 2011 in Southern Finland for the forest and agricultural areas. During the first test campaigns the false color camera and hyperspectral imager were flown over the target areas at separate flights. The design and calibration of the hyperspectral imager will be shortly explained. The test flight campaigns on forest and crop fields and their preliminary results are also presented in this paper

U2 - 10.1117/12.897585

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M3 - Conference article in proceedings

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Saari H, Pellikka I, Pesonen L, Tuominen S, Heikkilä J, Holmlund C et al. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) operated spectral camera system for forest and agriculture applications. In Proceedings of the SPIE: Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XIII. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. 2011. 81740H. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 8174). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.897585