Upcycling of waste paper and cardboard to textiles

Y. Ma, M. Hummel (Corresponding Author), M. Määttänen, A. Särkilahti, A. Harlin, H. Sixta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In continuation of previously reported results, the ionic liquid 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene-1-ium acetate was also found to be a powerful non-derivatizing solvent for cellulosic waste such as paper and cardboard. The ionic liquid could dissolve all the present bio-polymers (cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin) in high concentrations, resulting in solutions with visco-elastic properties that were suitable for dry-jet wet fiber spinning. The cellulosic raw materials were refined gradually to identify the influence of residual components on the spinnability of the respective solution. Polymer degradation and losses in the spinning process could be avoided nearly entirely. With the exception of virtually unrefined cardboard, all the samples showed excellent spinnability, resulting in fibers with high tensile strength. Prototype textiles were produced to validate the quality of the fibers and demonstrate the possibility of using residual lignin in cardboard as a natural dye.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)858-866
JournalGreen Chemistry
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Waste paper
Ionic Liquids
Textiles
Lignin
Ionic liquids
lignin
Fibers
Polymers
polymer
elastic property
tensile strength
Cellulose
cellulose
acetate
dye
Raw materials
Acetates
Tensile strength
Coloring Agents
Dyes

Cite this

Ma, Y. ; Hummel, M. ; Määttänen, M. ; Särkilahti, A. ; Harlin, A. ; Sixta, H. / Upcycling of waste paper and cardboard to textiles. In: Green Chemistry. 2016 ; Vol. 18, No. 3. pp. 858-866.
@article{e57417c2885540fb9fc9128e56747c8a,
title = "Upcycling of waste paper and cardboard to textiles",
abstract = "In continuation of previously reported results, the ionic liquid 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene-1-ium acetate was also found to be a powerful non-derivatizing solvent for cellulosic waste such as paper and cardboard. The ionic liquid could dissolve all the present bio-polymers (cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin) in high concentrations, resulting in solutions with visco-elastic properties that were suitable for dry-jet wet fiber spinning. The cellulosic raw materials were refined gradually to identify the influence of residual components on the spinnability of the respective solution. Polymer degradation and losses in the spinning process could be avoided nearly entirely. With the exception of virtually unrefined cardboard, all the samples showed excellent spinnability, resulting in fibers with high tensile strength. Prototype textiles were produced to validate the quality of the fibers and demonstrate the possibility of using residual lignin in cardboard as a natural dye.",
author = "Y. Ma and M. Hummel and M. M{\"a}{\"a}tt{\"a}nen and A. S{\"a}rkilahti and A. Harlin and H. Sixta",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1039/C5GC01679G",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "858--866",
journal = "Green Chemistry",
issn = "1463-9262",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry RSC",
number = "3",

}

Ma, Y, Hummel, M, Määttänen, M, Särkilahti, A, Harlin, A & Sixta, H 2016, 'Upcycling of waste paper and cardboard to textiles', Green Chemistry, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 858-866. https://doi.org/10.1039/C5GC01679G

Upcycling of waste paper and cardboard to textiles. / Ma, Y.; Hummel, M. (Corresponding Author); Määttänen, M.; Särkilahti, A.; Harlin, A.; Sixta, H.

In: Green Chemistry, Vol. 18, No. 3, 2016, p. 858-866.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Upcycling of waste paper and cardboard to textiles

AU - Ma, Y.

AU - Hummel, M.

AU - Määttänen, M.

AU - Särkilahti, A.

AU - Harlin, A.

AU - Sixta, H.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - In continuation of previously reported results, the ionic liquid 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene-1-ium acetate was also found to be a powerful non-derivatizing solvent for cellulosic waste such as paper and cardboard. The ionic liquid could dissolve all the present bio-polymers (cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin) in high concentrations, resulting in solutions with visco-elastic properties that were suitable for dry-jet wet fiber spinning. The cellulosic raw materials were refined gradually to identify the influence of residual components on the spinnability of the respective solution. Polymer degradation and losses in the spinning process could be avoided nearly entirely. With the exception of virtually unrefined cardboard, all the samples showed excellent spinnability, resulting in fibers with high tensile strength. Prototype textiles were produced to validate the quality of the fibers and demonstrate the possibility of using residual lignin in cardboard as a natural dye.

AB - In continuation of previously reported results, the ionic liquid 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene-1-ium acetate was also found to be a powerful non-derivatizing solvent for cellulosic waste such as paper and cardboard. The ionic liquid could dissolve all the present bio-polymers (cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin) in high concentrations, resulting in solutions with visco-elastic properties that were suitable for dry-jet wet fiber spinning. The cellulosic raw materials were refined gradually to identify the influence of residual components on the spinnability of the respective solution. Polymer degradation and losses in the spinning process could be avoided nearly entirely. With the exception of virtually unrefined cardboard, all the samples showed excellent spinnability, resulting in fibers with high tensile strength. Prototype textiles were produced to validate the quality of the fibers and demonstrate the possibility of using residual lignin in cardboard as a natural dye.

U2 - 10.1039/C5GC01679G

DO - 10.1039/C5GC01679G

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 858

EP - 866

JO - Green Chemistry

JF - Green Chemistry

SN - 1463-9262

IS - 3

ER -